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Post War World and Decolonization NOTES

Post War World and Decolonization NOTES - Post War World...

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Post War World and Decolonization 1.1.2. The Reasons for Decolonization Economic Reason: The weakness of the colonizing powers Political reason: colonies demand for freedom 1.2 Colonial Governments and decolonization 1.2.1 Political change after world wars After WWI 1.2.2. Political change in colonized societies The growth of nationalism in Africa 1. Administration of colonial government shifted from Europeans to local population 2. The emergence of mass supported party Seeking for independence 1.2.3. The road to independence Negotiation War (guerrilla warfare) More warfare than peaceful transformation 2. Waves of Independence 2.1 Independence in South and Southeast Asia The independence of India (1947), Pakistan (1947) and Bangledesh (1971) The independence of Indonesia (the former Dutch East Indies) (1949)’ The independence of French Indochina (1954) 2.2 Changes in East Asia China Mainland China (1949) Hong Kong (1842-1997) Macao (1887-2000) Taiwan Korea
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2.3 The dissolution of Soviet Union
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