The Rise of Islam Notes

The Rise of Islam Notes - I. The Rise of Islam A. The...

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I. The Rise of Islam A. The Arabian Peninsula and the Arabs 1. The harsh environment (deserts), the Arabs, and their nomadic life (sheep, camels); 2. The Arabs were extremely proud of their family, race, language, and way of life; 3. The harsh environment and their fierce pride made them formidable warriors. B. The Arabian Peninsula before Muhammad The political and religious situations in the Arabian Peninsula before Muhammad: A. Strong neighbors 1. The Persians, Byzantines, and Abyssinians. B. Religious ferments 1. Traditional religions; 2. The Arabs were dissatisfied with their traditional religions which gave no promise of an afterlife and offered no image of human destiny and no role of the Arabs in it; 3. Christianity and Judaism. II. The appearance of Muhammad A. Muhammad (c. 570-632) and Mecca 1 . Muhammad: orphaned at 6, raised by his uncle, married a wealthy widow at 25. 2 . Mecca: commercial center (in western Arabia) and pilgrimage center (the cult of Ka’ba).
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B. Muhammad’s preaching 1. He received his first revelations in 610 (heard the voice of the angel Gabriel speaking to him); then began to preach publicly about his teaching. His threat to Mecca [threaten the position of Mecca as pilgrimage and
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The Rise of Islam Notes - I. The Rise of Islam A. The...

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