Mesopotamia and Ancient Egyptian Civilization

Mesopotamia and Ancient Egyptian Civilization - Mesopotamia...

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Mesopotamia and ancient Egyptian civilization 1. Mesopotamia - “THE FERTILE CRESCENT” Historical time periods- 1. B.C. “Before Christ” or 2. A.D. “Anno Domini: (in the year of the Lord) 3. B .C.E.- “Before the Common Era” or the “Before the Current Era” –Politically Correct 4. C.E.-“Common Era” or “Current Era” 1.1. The first civilization in Mesopotamia 1.1.1. Environment-“common day Iraq” or the Persian Gulf Varies the weather, food, living conditions 1. Mountains to the East 70% covered by sand 2. Has two rivers: 1. Euphrates river 2. Tigris? 1.1.2. Settled agriculture in an unstable environment 1. Agriculture: wheat, barley, sheep, goats and pigs 2. Advantages of twin rivers: water supply, irrigation 3. Disadvantages of twin rivers: unpredictable floods, the change of river course 1.1.3. The cradle of civilization-a.k.a. complex society 1. Definition of civilization - population which has a writing system, metallurgy or use of tools, defined infrastructure or cities 2. The word civilization is not used as frequently due to one’s own interpretation. One may say “complex society” 1.2. Sumerian era (c.3200-2350 BCE) 1.2.1. The emergence of cities - population growth, expansion, economic stratification and cities 1. Beginning around 4000 BCE, the Sumerians built world’s first cities
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This note was uploaded on 11/28/2010 for the course HIST HIST 1110 taught by Professor N/a during the Fall '10 term at Kennesaw.

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Mesopotamia and Ancient Egyptian Civilization - Mesopotamia...

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