{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Poverty, Housing Niches, and Health in the United States

Poverty, Housing Niches, and Health in the United States -...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Journal of Social Issues, Vol. 59, No. 3, 2003, pp. 569--589 Poverty, Housing Niches, and Health in the United States Susan Saegert City University of New York Graduate Center Gary W. Evans Cornell University Drawing on psychological, health, and social science literature, a housing niche modelisdevelopedthatfocuseson(a)housingmarketsandothersocietalprocesses that constrain residential choice, (b) effects of residential environments on health and access to human and social capital, and (c) family dynamic effects on health and the intergenerational consequences of particular housing niches for future health and housing choices. The model requires the examination of cumulative risks, mediating and moderating processes, and the use of multilevel statistical models. The health consequences of existing housing policies are explored and future directions for research and policy suggested. Even as the life expectancy of U.S. residents reaches new highs, death comes much earlier to residents of some neighborhoods, for example, Harlem in New York City (McCord & Freeman, 1990). Harlem’s residents are mostly poor and largely African American. Numerous studies demonstrate that both lower socioeconomic and minority status are strongly related to worse health and ear- lier death (Aday, 1994; Adler et al., 1994; Geronimus, Bound, & Waidmann, Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Susan Saegert, Environmen- tal Psychology, CUNY Graduate Center, 365 Fifth Ave., New York, New York, 10016 [e-mail: [email protected]]. We appreciate Terry Hartig’s and Gary Winkel’s critical feedback on this article. Preparation of this article was partially supported by a CUNY Collaborative Incentive Grant, the Edna McConnell Clark Foundation Program for New York Neighborhoods, the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation Network on Socioeconomic Status and Health, the Bronfenbrenner Center for the Study of theLifeCourse,CornellUniversity,andtheNationalInstituteforChildHealthandHumanDevelopment (1 F33 HD08473-01). 569 C 2003 The Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
570 Saegert and Evans 1999; Syme, 1994; Williams & Collins, 1995). Yet the higher mortality levels reported in Harlem exceed those for poor African Americans in other environ- ments. Researchers are just beginning to examine the extent to which the concentration of poor and minority households in certain environments contributes to the health consequences of socioeconomic and minority status (Ellen, Mijanovich, & Dillman, 2001; Evans & Kantrowitz, 2002; Geronimus et al., 1999). This topic is particularly important since the spatial concentra- tion of poor, and especially poor minority, households has increased over the last several decades (Jargowsky, 1997; Massey & Denton, 1993; Wilson, 1987). In this article we develop a conceptual model of housing niches that re- lates health to housing and neighborhood conditions, social dynamics in the family and community, and overarching societal structures and processes. The purpose of this model is to shed light on the processes that underlie social in-
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}