gcu325 Unit 1 outline of notes - GCU 325Unit 1 Outline of...

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GCU 325—Unit 1 Outline of Notes (This is only an outline —these are not the notes. By itself, this will not be very helpful on the lecture quiz. You will need to have your own notes). EUROPE DEFINED I. is Europe a separate continent? DEFINITION: A continent us a large land mass that is separated or nearly so from other large land masses. Europe is NOT a separate continent, it is actually a Eurasian land mass. II. how about a separate cultural region? DEFINITION: An area of land that has an element of similarity- Religion Language Racial Traits Economic Systems Political Systems A. "invention" of Europe This idea was invented by the Greeks. Europe was the “known world” and everything else was the “unknown” such as Asia and Africa Europe was also dominated by Christianity B. contributions from other areas Europe were big borrowers initially- A lot of technology came from the Middle East- Crops Farming Domesticated Animals (cattle, goats, sheep and swine) Bronze, Iron, Wheels, Sails Philosophy The Alphabet III. major influence on the world A. "great ideas" After 1500 AD, Europe became a great influence on the rest of the world for the past 500 years. Good Marketers- When they discovered something, they spread the information around the world efficiently o Example- the Vikings and the Phoenicians discovered the Americas first, but they kept it secret. When Columbus discovered the Americas, he told everyone- shared the discovery with the world
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B. "Europeanization of the world" Over the past 1500 years, Europe has had a big impact due to their Colonization Efforts as well as European Imperialism. The 7 Categories of Colonization: 1. Europe Itself – or European Hearth Area around 1500 AD 2. Neo-European areas or Europe Abroad. Places where Europeans went and settled/colonized these areas in large numbers. Not only are the people of European decent, but also the culture is European origin in nature. a. Includes most of the US and Canada b. Latin America, Argentina, Chile, Brazil c. Australia, New Zealand 3. Mixed- Culture is European, but the people are mixed (European and native or indigenous- mixed ancestry) 4. Plantation Culture- Run by Europeans- workers were the natives or brought in by Europeans 5. Exploitation-European control of areas for economic or Political gain a. Small number of Europeans occupied this area (Imperialism) 6. Loose, Ineffective or Brief Control-These are areas that are not heavily populated. 7. Areas that did not have much Impact- China, Japan, Saudi Arabia IV. core & periphery – All regions have these two things. A. Core – European CORE is North Western and Western Europe a. Higher Population Density b. More Urbanized c. More Mobility d. More Transportation Links i. More Routes and Connections e. More Economically Developed f. Higher Incomes g. More Industrial h. More transport of Goods i. Greater Spatial Interaction i. 2 or more places interacting with each other B. Periphery a. Opposite of Core b. Lower Population c. More Rural/Agricultural d. Lower Incomes e.
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