# ch05 - CHAPTER5 Standalonerisk Portfoliorisk...

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5-1 CHAPTER 5 Risk and Rates of Return Stand-alone risk Portfolio risk Risk & return: CAPM / SML

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5-2 Investment returns The rate of return on an investment can be  calculated as follows: (Amount received – Amount invested) Return =       ________________________                                                    Amount invested For example, if \$1,000 is invested and \$1,100 is  returned after one year, the rate of return for this  investment is:  (\$1,100 - \$1,000) / \$1,000 = 10%.
5-3 What is investment risk? Two types of investment risk Stand-alone risk Portfolio risk  Investment risk is related to the probability  of earning a low or negative actual return. The greater the chance of lower than  expected or negative returns, the riskier the  investment.

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5-4 Probability distributions A listing of all possible outcomes, and the  probability of each occurrence. Can be shown graphically. Expected Rate of Return Rate of Return (%) 100 15 0 -70 Firm X Firm Y
5-5 Selected Realized Returns,  1926 – 2001       Average    Standard        Return      Deviation Small-company stocks 17.3% 33.2% Large-company stocks 12.7 20.2 L-T corporate bonds  6.1  8.6 L-T government bonds   5.7  9.4 U.S. Treasury bills  3.9  3.2 Source:  Based on  Stocks, Bonds, Bills, and Inflation:  (Valuation  Edition) 2002 Yearbook  (Chicago:  Ibbotson Associates, 2002), 28.

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5-6 Investment alternatives Economy Prob. T-Bill HT Coll USR MP Recession 0.1 8.0% -22.0% 28.0% 10.0% -13.0% Below avg 0.2 8.0% -2.0% 14.7% -10.0% 1.0% Average 0.4 8.0% 20.0% 0.0% 7.0% 15.0% Above  avg 0.2 8.0% 35.0% -10.0% 45.0% 29.0% Boom 0.1 8.0% 50.0% -20.0% 30.0% 43.0%
5-7 Why is the T-bill return independent of  the economy?  Do T-bills promise a  completely risk-free return? T-bills will return the promised 8%, regardless of  the economy. No, T-bills do not provide a risk-free return, as  they are still exposed to inflation.  Although, very  little unexpected inflation is likely to occur over  such a short period of time. T-bills are also risky in terms of reinvestment rate  risk. T-bills are risk-free in the default sense of the  word.

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5-8 How do the returns of HT and Coll.  behave in relation to the market? HT – Moves with the economy, and has  a positive correlation.  This is typical. Coll. – Is countercyclical with the  economy, and has a negative  correlation.  This is unusual.
5-9 Return: Calculating the expected  return for each alternative   17.4%     (0.1)   (50%)              (0.2)   (35%)     (0.4)   (20%)

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ch05 - CHAPTER5 Standalonerisk Portfoliorisk...

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