anatomyphysiology - P age 1 of 6 ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY The...

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Page 1 of 6 ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY The National Standard Paramedic Curriculum has identified course work in anatomy and physiology (A&P) as either a pre- or co-requisite. At Weber State, anatomy and physiology is considered a prerequisite. A mastery of anatomy and physiology is assumed throughout the entire paramedic curriculum. A list of objectives has been derived from many of the currently available resources in anatomy and physiology instruction. All of these objectives were consistently found in allied health educational programs or other non-science curricula. Students are expected to bring this prerequisite A&P knowledge to the PAR 2000 course. Although some A&P will be reviewed in PAR 2010-2040, the paramedic student must maintain A&P knowledge throughout the paramedic program. Students are encouraged to review the objectives below. Should a weak area be identified, any A&P text can be used for review. One text in particular, Brady’s Anatomy and Physiology for EMS Providers, is easy to read and very comprehensive. This material will be tested in Exam 2 in PAR 2000. OBJECTIVES: Define anatomy, physiology, and pathophysiology. Name the levels of organization of the body and explain each. Name the organ systems of the body. Define homeostasis and give an example of a typical homeostatic mechanism. Describe the anatomical position. Describe the sagittal, midsagittal, transverse and frontal planes. Use proper terminology to describe the location of body parts with respect to one another. Name the body cavities, their membranes and some organs within each cavity. Explain the four quadrants of the abdomen and name the organs in those areas. Define matter, element, atom, proton, neutron, and electron. Using symbols, name some common elements found in the body. Describe the purpose of ionic, covalent and hydrogen bonds in the body. Describe what happens in synthesis and decomposition reactions. Explain the importance of water to the function of the body. Describe where water is found in the body. Explain the roles of oxygen and carbon dioxide in cell respiration. Explain pH and state normal pH ranges in body fluids. Explain how a buffer system resists major pH changes. Describe the functions and types of sugars, fats, and proteins. Explain how enzymes function as catalysts. Describe the function of DNA, RNA and ATP. Name the organic molecules that make up the cell membrane and state their functions. State the arrangement of the molecules in the cell membrane. State the five functions of proteins in the cell membrane.
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Page 2 of 6 Describe the cytoplasm. Describe how the cell membrane regulates the composition of the cytoplasm.
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