Study Guide Final

Study Guide Final - Study Guide: Advanced Psychology and...

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Geiselman lectures and handouts What triggers the legal necessity for giving the Miranda warning? o If the police begin questioning. What are the elements of the confrontation interrogation technique? o Behavior Analysis Questions designed to elicit anxiety in a guilty person. This is based on a fear of the consequences. Signs of deception Crossing and uncrossing of legs and arms o Creating barriers because they have nowhere to run. Turn body away from interrogators o ‘in order to deflect the pressure’ – cannot take full force of the pressure Eye contact o A guilty person attempting to maintain eye contact will often avert their eyes subtly during peak questions. o Basic Idea – we know you did it, we have overwhelming evidence, but we understand why you did it. Psychological Domination Creating an aura that you already know the answer to every question you will ask. After assuring suspect of this, leave the room for 45 minutes and return with props, large box of “evidence” (with one or two real pieces prominently displayed), binders full of blank paper with the suspects name on the outside, fake six pack photo arrays, etc… Confrontation Statement Confidence in his guilt… “based on blah blah blah we have no doubt you did this.” Transition Phase Fluid medium from we know you did it to a reason why you might have done it. “There are reasons why people, why you, would do this.” Theme Development Following the transition established a reason, a rationalization, for why they did what they did. (Do not provide a legal excuse). “You were just trying to provide for your wife and two kids.” Empathize with them, even if what they did was despicable. Respond with sincerity and understanding. Build Rapport. Handling Denials Do not allow them to deny the crime. Always end with a closed end leading question (one that calls for a yes) “and that’s why you took the money.” Alternative with theme and evidence. Every time they deny the crime confront them with evidence. After denials become futile, suspects often shift to objections. Objections No longer saying they didn’t do it. Agree with objections and turn them into a theme. “We know you took the money.”- “I wasn’t raised that way” (no longer denying it) – “sure you weren’t, we know you’re not really a bad guy.” Negative Alternative Questions Give them a choice between an acceptable rationalization or a situation which makes them out to be a monster. Everything must be in their own words. Also, you must “take back” the themes before they write their confessions… otherwise you run the risk that a jury may sympathize with them. Written Confession
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Study Guide Final - Study Guide: Advanced Psychology and...

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