Midterm Review (B)

Midterm Review (B) - Geiselman Lectures 1. Three-way...

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Geiselman Lectures 1. Three-way interaction (Law enforcement, judiciary, social services) a. Judicial System- Courts and lawyers interpret laws. Do not make the Laws. Judges typically follow what other judges do. “Case Law” b. Social Sciences- Political Science, Psych, ect… (Tarasoff ruling) c. Law Enforcement- Don’t know all the laws therefore they are really “peace officers.” Enforce laws. Can lobby. Enforce laws without violation of constitutional rights. All three are connected in building cases by using their specific knowledge of the field of Forensic Science. 2. Hillside Case a. Kenneth Bianchi cousin by adoption, from buffalo, NY, moves to LA to be with Angelo Buono. Fairly intelligent educated, talked psychologist into sharing office space. Buono respected in business. Sentenced life without parole for being convicted of 9 strangler slayings. Bianchi pleaded guilty to 5 and testified against Buono. He was caught in Washington for the killing of 2 women. They would go “cruising” as police officers and abduct unsuspecting women then rape and strangle them leaving them on hillsides throughout Los Angeles. Bianchi attempted to claim having multiple personality disorder, but was found to be faking. 3. Roles for psychologist in the system a. Basic scientist and researcher – scientist who study phenomena in order to understand them, without concern for whether their work will be used in solving real-world problems. b. Applied scientist – scientist who apply their knowledge to solving real-world problems. c. Expert witness – eyewitness evidence, extenuating circumstances (e.g. social contagion) d. Policy evaluator – provide data to answer questions such as “I have instituted a change, how do I know whether it was effective?” e. Trial consultants – conduct community attitude surveys, prepare witnesses to testify, advise lawyers on their presentation strategies, and conduct mock trials. f. Jury analysis – selection, during trial. g. Assessment of dangerousness – parole boards, sentencing. h. Competence evaluations – to stand trial, to make a plea. i. Sanity evaluation j. Custody evaluations – children’s services k. Police psychologists – police selection, police counseling, hostage negotiations, profiling. l. Policy evaluations – head start program, three strikes program, anti-crime initiatives. m. Corrections – counseling, in-house program, alternative treatments (e.g. for sex offenders) n. Advocates for Laws and policies – child’s videotaped testimony, three strikes law, victim impact statements, gun control, and death penalty. 4. The 4 dilemmas in the system where psychologist play a role a. The first dilemma: rights of individuals v. the common good i. Values in conflict ii. Two models of the criminal system
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1. Due process model: the view that the goal of the criminal justice system is to protect the innocent suspects from prosecution and conviction 2. Crime control model: a point of view that emphasizes procedures
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2008 for the course PSYCH 187A taught by Professor Geisleman during the Fall '07 term at UCLA.

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Midterm Review (B) - Geiselman Lectures 1. Three-way...

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