soc_300_week_9

soc_300_week_9 - Slide Topic # 1 Introduction SOC 300...

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SOC 300 Soldiers and Politics Week 9 Slide # Topic Narration 1 Introduction Welcome to week nine of Sociology three hundred. This week we are going to discuss Soldiers and Politics. In much of the Third World there has been military involvement in politics at the national level. Many prominent positions in government have been and continue to be held by military leaders. Throughout this course, we have noted that the developing world is diverse. Thus, the level of military involvement in the political arena of each nation is different. In many countries there is no clear dividing line between the armed forces and political activity. With the rise of democracy in many Third World countries in recent years, there has been a steady decline in military leadership at the government level. However, this is not to say that military leaders have completely stepped down from politics. In fact, countries such as Libya and Pakistan still have military rulers in the highest positions of government. In other countries the armed forces continue to exert considerable influence over civilian political leaders. Prior to the nineteen eighties military involvement in politics of the developing world was pervasive. It was considered by some to be a defining feature of political underdevelopment. And certainly it was a feature of extreme instability within nations. A study of fifty nine developing nations shows that between nineteen forty six and nineteen seventy, there were two hundred and seventy four attempted military coups. Some countries experienced four to five takeover attempts within that period. You may recall from our week one lesson that political scientists agree political stability is essential to development. It seems logical to conclude that this type of upheaval can only be a hindrance to the economic, social and political development so badly needed in many countries. The last few decades have shown that military coups and regimes have declined as democracy has increased; this is most apparent in Latin America.
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Today, for the most part, military governments stand out as the exception rather than the rule. In many countries, civilian governments have now established considerable control over the armed forces. This session we will be exploring the causes of military takeovers, their goals once in office, and the subsequent outcomes. Please go to slide # 2 2 Objectives Upon completion of this lesson you will be able to: Recognize that many governments in developing countries either were or are military regimes; Recognize that soldiers in developing countries often ignore any dividing line between military and political activity; Understand the causes of military intervention into civil society and government in developing countries; Examine the conduct and policies of military regimes; Identify and discuss the “personalistic” military regime and the various types of institutional military regimes;
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This note was uploaded on 12/01/2010 for the course SOC 300 taught by Professor Lewis during the Spring '09 term at Strayer.

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soc_300_week_9 - Slide Topic # 1 Introduction SOC 300...

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