Sociology Unit Exam 2008

Sociology Unit Exam 2008 - 1. Most children believe their...

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1. Most children believe their school is better than the other schools in town. This best illustrates: A) the just-world phenomenon. B) scapegoating. C) the fundamental attribution error. D) the reciprocity norm. E) ingroup bias. 2. In 1942, reserve police officers obeyed orders to kill some 1500 Jews in the village of Jozefow, Poland. This incident illustrated that people are most likely to be destructively obedient when: A) they fail to realize their actions are morally wrong. B) their victims are distant and depersonalized. C) they perceive their orders to come from legitimate authority figures. D) they derive personal satisfaction from destructive acts. E) the foot-in-the-door phenomenon is effective. 3. Rhonda has just learned that her neighbor Patricia was involved in an automobile accident at a nearby intersection. The tendency to make the fundamental attribution error may lead Rhonda to conclude: A) “Patricia's recklessness has finally gotten her into trouble.” B) “Patricia's brakes must have failed.” C) “They need to improve the visibility at that corner.” D) “Patricia's children probably distracted her.” E) “The road must have been wet and slippery.” 4. After she received a free hand-painted Christmas ornament from a religious organization, Mrs. Montevecchi felt obligated to mail a cash donation to the organization. Her response to the free gift best illustrates the impact of: A) the foot-in-the-door phenomenon. B) the mere exposure effect. C) the just-world phenomenon. D) the fundamental attribution error. E) the reciprocity norm. 5. When a salesperson visits your home and asks you to try a free sample of a cleaning fluid, you agree. When he returns the following week and asks you to purchase an assortment of expensive cleaning products, you make the purchase. The salesperson appears to have made effective use of: A) the bystander effect. B) the fundamental attribution error. C) the social responsibility norm. D) the foot-in-the-door phenomenon. E) deindividuation. Page 1
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6. The NASA executive who made the final decision to launch the space shuttle Challenger was shielded from information and dissenting views that might have led to a delay of the tragic launch. This best illustrates the dangers of: A) social facilitation. B) deindividuation. C) the mere exposure effect. D) groupthink. E) the bystander effect. 7. After an exciting football game in which the home team loses by one point, a crowd of fans throws bottles and begins to tear up the field. This behavior is best understood in terms of: A) the just-world phenomenon. B) obedience. C) the bystander effect. D) social facilitation. E) deindividuation. 8. The tendency for initial compliance with a small request to facilitate subsequent compliance with a larger request is known as the: A) mere exposure effect. B)
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Sociology Unit Exam 2008 - 1. Most children believe their...

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