Political Science 138B Final

Political Science 138B Final - Political Science 138B Final...

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Unformatted text preview: Political Science 138B Final Marc Trachtenberg 1914 July Crisis (Start of WII) Three common beliefs Rigidity Schlieffen plan Cult of the offensive Security dilemma Preventive war policy Interacting mobilizations Once one person moved they all had to move Kennan Wilson to moral If you go to war it should be for political not moral Power politics If you go in political reasons and limited goals 1917 Peace without Victory Speech Wilson urging U.S. to go into war, before U.S. enters the war obviously 1917 U.S. enters WWI Sinking of the Lusitania and the Zimmerman telegram led to the public desire to go to war 1918 14 Point Speech What Wilson wanted post war peace to be Included Freedom of navigation Independent polish state League of Nations 1918 November 11th Armistice Agreement The 11 th hour of the 11 th day of the 11 th month a ceasefire came into effect 1919 Treaty of Versailles Constraints on German power Reparations 1922 Treaty of Rapallo Alignment of Germany and Soviets Leader of germany after wwi was key Policy on reviving germany hit badly after war Infrascurture screwed up and borders back together Treaty of versailles 1923 Ruhr Occupation By the French 1925 Locarno Treaties Stabilize the status quo and the demilitarization of the Rhineland 1925 Maginot Line Imaginary line created under pretense that defensive military strategy is the way to go; must defend yourself against Germany instead of an offensive attack 1933 Hitler comes to power Becomes Chancellor of Germany 1934 Nazi non-aggression pact with Poland 1936 Re-militarization of the Rhineland Hitler made it look like he was signing pacts and peace agreements while they were building power proceeds gradually until strong enough to push ahead in 1935 1938 Anschluss of Austria Ratcheting up of German military move ahead in Austria Austria was annexed into Germany With Austria now part of Germany, Czechoslovakia is more undefensive 1938 Czech crisis in Munich Series of 3 meetings of Hitler/Chamberlain to deal with this crisis deal worked out that heads off a war that gave Hitler everything he wanted, annex areas and leads to Czech divided into 2 parts: Czech and Slovak and eventually part of Nazi Germany 1939 Nazi-Soviet Pact Before start of the War Soviets aligned themselves with Germany and carved up Poland Only because Soviets were still weak 1939 Polish Crisis...
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This note was uploaded on 04/03/2008 for the course POL SCI 138B taught by Professor Trachtenberg during the Winter '08 term at UCLA.

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Political Science 138B Final - Political Science 138B Final...

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