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28_fruit_vegetables - Fruit Vegetables Monocots Dicots...

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Monocots Sweet corn Zea mays Dicots Cucurbitaceae Cucumber Cucumis sativus Zucchini Cucurbita pepo (melopepo) Honeydew Cucumis melo (inodorus) Winter squash Cucurbita maxima Leguminosae Lima bean Phaseolus limensis Kidney bean Phaseolus vulgaris Pea Pisum sativum Broad bean Vicia faba Mung bean Vigna radiata Malvaceae Okra Hibiscus esculentus Solanaceae Pepper, bell Capsicum annuum (grossum) Pepper, chili Capsicum annuum (longum) Fruit Vegetables Fruit Vegetables
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Immature fruit vegetables Fleshy fruits: cucumber, summer squash, eggplant, green pepper Non-fleshy fruits: snap beans, lima beans, southern peas (cowpeas), peas, broad beans, sweet corn, okra. Mature fruit vegetables Fleshy fruits: tomato, red pepper, winter squash, pumpkins, muskmelons, watermelons. Non-fleshy fruits: dry peas, dry beans Morphological Classification Morphological Classification
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Immature fruit vegetables Mature fruit vegetables Warm-season crops z Warm-season crops z Chilling sensitive x Chilling sensitive x High respiration rates High respiration rates Rapidly developing Rapidly developing, or completed development Non-climacteric Some are climacteric Morphological changes Morphological changes after harvest are after harvest may be detrimental necessary Chlorophyll loss is Chlorophyll loss and detrimental pigment synthesis may be necessary z Except peas, broad beans x Except peas, broad beans, sweet corn Comparison of the Postharvest Characteristics of Comparison of the Postharvest Characteristics of Immature and Mature Fruit Vegetables Immature and Mature Fruit Vegetables
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0.0 1.0 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 40 30 20 10 Length or diameter (cm) Days after anthesis (flowering) 0 10 20 30 Diameter Weight Length Weight (kg) Growth of a cucumber fruit Growth of a cucumber fruit
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Time after anthesis (flowering) Size Summer squash Sweet corn Okra Cucumber String beans Eggplant Peas Bell pepper Tomato Lettuce Potato Cabbage Winter squash Area = 4 π r 2 = 12.6 r 2 Volume = (4/3) π r 3 = 4.19 r 3 Harvest stage of some fruit Harvest stage of some fruit
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