16 Fungi II handout - Agaricus Chanterelles etc and...

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Lecture 16: Kingdom Fungi, continued I. Review A. Kingdom Fungi characteristics B. Overview of fungal phyla II. Digression: Life cycles A. Gametic B. Zygotic C. Sporic III. Phylum Zygomycota, cont.: Life cycle of a Zygomycete III. The Ascomycota A. Largest Fungal division; over 32,000 species B. Many economically & medically important species C. Life cycle - includes formation of dikaryotic hyphae - asexual cycle involves conidia IV. Basidiomycota A. General characteristics and examples 1. includes familiar mushrooms (
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Unformatted text preview: Agaricus , Chanterelles, etc.) and puffballs 2. Amanita mushroooms (including the "Death Cap" - deadly!) 3. rusts & smuts - pathogens on crops 4. Psilocybin mushrooms 5. many tree mycorrhizae are Basidiomycetes B. Life cycle C. Complex life cycle: Wheat Rust ( Puccinia graminis ) - uses both barberry (mountain shrub) and wheat to complete entire life cycle; V. Fungal symbioses A. Mycorrhizae 1. Endomycorrhizae (recall Glomeromycota) 2. Ectomycorrhizae - includes both ascomycetes and basidiomycetes B. Lichens...
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