RAC Lecture 3 - Lesson Applications Of Refrigeration & Air...

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Lesson 3 Applications Of Refrigeration & Air Conditioning Version 1 ME, IIT Kharagpur 1
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Objectives of the lesson: The objectives of this lesson are to introduce the student to: i. Applications of refrigeration in: a) Food processing, preservation and distribution (Section 3.2) b) Chemical and process industries (Section 3.3) c) Special Applications such as cold treatment of metals, medical, construction, ice skating etc. (Section 3.4) d) Comfort air-conditioning (Section 3.5) ii. Applications of air conditioning, namely: a) Industrial, such as in textiles, printing, manufacturing, photographic, computer rooms, power plants, vehicular etc. (Section 3.5.1) b) Comfort – commercial, residential etc. (Section 3.5.2) At the end of the lesson, the student should be able to: a) List various applications of refrigeration and air conditioning b) List typical conditions required for various food products, processes etc. c) State pertinent issues such as energy efficiency, Indoor Air Quality etc. 3.1. Introduction As mentioned in Lesson 1, refrigeration deals with cooling of bodies or fluids to temperatures lower than those of surroundings. This involves absorption of heat at a lower temperature and rejection to higher temperature of the surroundings. In olden days, Refrigeration Air conditioning Cooling and dehumidification Food preservation and Industrial Refrigeration Heating and humidification Fig.3.1 . Relation between refrigeration and air conditioning Version 1 ME, IIT Kharagpur 2
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the main purpose of refrigeration was to produce ice, which was used for cooling beverages, food preservation and refrigerated transport etc. Now-a-days refrigeration and air conditioning find so many applications that they have become very essential for mankind, and without refrigeration and air conditioning the basic fabric of the society will be adversely affected. Refrigeration and air conditioning are generally treated in a single subject due to the fact that one of the most important applications of refrigeration is in cooling and dehumidification as required for summer air conditioning . Of course, refrigeration is required for many applications other than air conditioning, and air conditioning also involves processes other than cooling and dehumidification. Figure 3.1 shows the relation between refrigeration and air conditioning in a pictorial form. The temperature range of interest in refrigeration extends down to about –100 o C. At lower temperatures cryogenic systems are more economical. Now-a-days refrigeration has become an essential part of food chain- from post harvest heat removal to processing, distribution and storage. Refrigeration has become essential for many chemical and processing industries to improve the standard, quality, precision and efficiency of many manufacturing processes. Ever-new applications of refrigeration arise all the time. Some special applications require small capacities but are technically intriguing and challenging. As mentioned before, air-conditioning is one of the major applications of
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This note was uploaded on 12/04/2010 for the course ME N/A taught by Professor N/a during the Spring '10 term at Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur.

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RAC Lecture 3 - Lesson Applications Of Refrigeration & Air...

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