RAC Lecture 7 - Lesson 7 Review of fundamentals Heat and...

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Lesson 7 Review of fundamentals: Heat and Mass transfer Version 1 ME, IIT Kharagpur
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The objective of this lesson is to review fundamentals of heat and mass transfer and discuss: 1. Conduction heat transfer with governing equations for heat conduction, concept of thermal conductivity with typical values, introduce the concept of heat transfer resistance to conduction 2. Radiation heat transfer and present Planck’s law, Stefan-Boltzmann equation, expression for radiative exchange between surfaces and the concept of radiative heat transfer resistance 3. Convection heat transfer, concept of hydrodynamic and thermal boundary layers, Newton’s law of cooling, convective heat transfer coefficient with typical values, correlations for heat transfer in forced convection, free convection and phase change, introduce various non-dimensional numbers 4. Basics of mass transfer – Fick’s law and convective mass transfer 5. Analogy between heat, momentum and mass transfer 6. Multi-mode heat transfer, multi-layered walls, heat transfer networks, overall heat transfer coefficients 7. Fundamentals of heat exchangers At the end of the lesson the student should be able to: 1. Write basic equations for heat conduction and derive equations for simpler cases 2. Write basic equations for radiation heat transfer, estimate radiative exchange between surfaces 3. Write convection heat transfer equations, indicate typical convective heat transfer coefficients. Use correlations for estimating heat transfer in forced convection, free convection and phase change 4. Express conductive, convective and radiative heat transfer rates in terms of potential and resistance. 5. Write Fick’s law and convective mass transfer equation 6. State analogy between heat, momentum and mass transfer 7. Evaluate heat transfer during multi-mode heat transfer, through multi-layered walls etc. using heat transfer networks and the concept of overall heat transfer coefficient 8. Perform basic calculation on heat exchangers 7.1. Introduction Heat transfer is defined as energy-in-transit due to temperature difference. Heat transfer takes place whenever there is a temperature gradient within a system or whenever two systems at different temperatures are brought into thermal contact. Heat, which is energy-in-transit cannot be measured or observed directly, but the effects produced by it can be observed and measured. Since heat transfer involves transfer and/or conversion of energy, all heat transfer processes must obey the first and second laws of thermodynamics. However unlike thermodynamics, heat transfer Version 1 ME, IIT Kharagpur
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deals with systems not in thermal equilibrium and using the heat transfer laws it is possible to find the rate at which energy is transferred due to heat transfer. From the engineer’s point of view, estimating the rate of heat transfer is a key requirement.
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