Doyle_summary - Susan Hamilton [email protected] Michael Doyle Kant Liberal Legacies and Foreign Affairs Part I Philosophy and Public Affairs

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Susan Hamilton [email protected] Michael Doyle, “Kant, Liberal Legacies, and Foreign Affairs, Part I,” Philosophy and Public Affairs , vol. 12, no. 3 (Summer, 1983), pp. 205-235. According to Doyle, while liberalism has created international peace amongst liberal states, it has failed to successfully guide the foreign policy of liberal states towards non- liberal states in three respects. 1. Imprudent Vehemence Doyle faults liberal regimes for “ imprudent vehemence ” (a term borrowed from Hume) in foreign policy, which is characterized by “confusion, costly crusades, spasmodic imperialism” resulting in “a failure to negotiate with the powerful and create stable clients among the weak” (324). This failure is caused by the fact that “the very constitutional restraint” and concern for individual rights that works so well within liberal societies “can exacerbate conflicts in relations between liberal and non-liberal regimes” (325). This is because according to liberal principles, non-liberal regimes—which do not respect the individual rights of their citizens—are illegitimate. This leads to “an extreme lack of public respect and trust” on the part of liberal regimes towards non-liberal states. In addition liberal regimes assume that non-liberal regimes (particularly communist regimes) “do not respect the political independence and territorial integrity of other states.” This lack of trust in turn leads to less than optimal rational, realist behavior. For instance, as a result of mistrust liberal regimes will refuse to cooperate with non-liberal (communist) regimes even when it would be in their best interest (e.g. arms reduction treaties).
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This note was uploaded on 12/01/2010 for the course POLI SCI 5 taught by Professor Gurowitz,a during the Fall '09 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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Doyle_summary - Susan Hamilton [email protected] Michael Doyle Kant Liberal Legacies and Foreign Affairs Part I Philosophy and Public Affairs

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