electrolytes - ELECTROLYTES I. abc- STRONG ELECTROLYTES...

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ELECTROLYTES I. STRONG ELECTROLYTES a- Strong Acids b- Strong Bases c- Soluble Salts II. WEAK ELECTROLYTES a- Weak Acids b- Weak Bases III. NET IONIC EQUATIONS
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ELECTROLYTES Soluble substances dissolve to a good extent in a specific solvent. Insoluble substances do not dissolve to a good extent in a specific solvent (not more than 0.1 mol/L) In water, a soluble substance is classified as either an electrolyte or a non- electrolyte. A substance whose aqueous solution conducts electricity is called an electrolyte. A substance whose aqueous solution does not conduct electricity is called a non-electrolyte. In order for a solution to conduct electricity, it must contain ions. Non-electrolytes dissolve without producing ions in water. Table sugar is a non-electrolyte. If we were able to look at the molecular level of an aqueous solution of table sugar, we would see the individual molecules intact and dispersed in the solution surrounded by water molecules. Electrolytes break into ions as they dissolve in water. A compound that breaks entirely into ions as it dissolves in water is called a strong electrolyte. A compound that breaks partially into ions as it dissolves in water is a weak
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This note was uploaded on 12/04/2010 for the course BIO 311 C taught by Professor Mcclelland during the Spring '09 term at University of Texas.

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electrolytes - ELECTROLYTES I. abc- STRONG ELECTROLYTES...

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