Nomenclature Handout - the prefixes used for organic...

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1 Nomenclature Handout Use Table 3.1 to understand naming of ions. Especially learn the charges that go with the various transition metal ions.
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2 Latin names that should be committed to memory are shown in the table below. Remember that –ic and –ous show the higher and lower valences, respectively. Element New Name Old Name Possible valences Fe Iron Ferr- +2,+3 Cu Copper Cupr- +1,+2 Sn Tin Stann- +2,+4 Au Gold Aur- +1,+3 Hg Mercury Mercur- +1,+2 Pb Lead Plumb- +2,+4 Prefixes used in naming binary molecular compounds are: 1 mono 2 di 3 tri 4 tetra 5 penta 6 hexa 7 hepta 8 octa 9 nona 10 deca Table 3.2 shows some examples of naming Binary Molecular Compounds.
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3 Use table 3.3 to learn the polyatomic ions. The ions listed in this table are the ones you should commit to memory. Table 3.5 is important for learning
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Unformatted text preview: the prefixes used for organic molecules. *Note: Information here is meant to supplement material learned in lecture and the text. 4 5 Naming Templates Follow the same templates below after you categorize the type of compound you have. Category Type TM? First Name Last Name No Cation Name Anion + -ide TM (English) Cation Name + (Ox. State) Anion + -ide Binary TM (Latin) Latin Cation + -ic (for higher charge) OR –ous (for lower charge) Anion + -ide No Cation Name Anion TM (English) Cation name + (Ox. State) Anion Ionic Ternary TM (Latin) Latin Cation prefix + -ic (for higher charge) OR –ous (for lower charge) Anion Molecular Binary No # + Atom Name # + Atom Name + -ide Binary (no O) No Hydro- + Anion + -ic Acid Aqueous Acid Ternary (yes O) No Anion + -ic (for –ate) OR –ous (for –ite) Acid 6...
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