Lecture 5 - Lecture 5 ,...

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Lecture 5 Before I talk about our class today, let me go over the answers from the test questions presented at the  end of Lecture 4, employment law.  I will identify the question, then the answer, and then the rationale.   Hopefully, you got them all right!   Slide 1 Questions   1.  Employer selects a person for a job on the basis of race.  A: It is a violation of the law because the Civil  Rights Act of 1964 says that you cannot use race or any of the other protected characteristics in an  employment decision. 2.  Employer selects a less qualified minority over a more qualified majority person.  A: It is a violation of  the law because the decision was based on race rather than qualification.  If a less qualified person is  selected, then the presumption is that the selection is based on the other difference between them--race.   3.  Employer promotes a person to a new position because the candidate was more attractive than the  other candidate.  A.  It is NOT a violation of the law because physical attractiveness is not a protected  category under the law.  Physical attractiveness can drive employment decisions without legal  implications.   Slide 2 Questions   1.  Employer hires higher scoring job candidates but it results in adverse impact.  A:  Adverse impact  alone does NOT mean that there has been a violation of the law.  The next step is to determine whether  the qualifying exam was predictive of job performance, and if so, then the employer can justify use of the  exam.  No discrimination occurs if the adverse impact is based on qualifications rather than race or sex.   2.  A medical school sets aside 20 of its 100 spaces in medical school for minorities only.  A:  It is a  violation of the law because for those 20 positions, admission is based at least partially on race.   Slide 3 Questions   1.  Two co-workers are dating but do not display affection toward each other at work.  A: Not a violation of  the law because their behavior is private and is not causing either party or even third parties to be  uncomfortable by the nature of their relationship.
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2.  A manager asks his subordinate for sexual favors in exchange for a lighter workload and higher pay.   A:  It is a violation of the law because it fits the definition of "quid pro quo" sexual harassment.
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