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Exam 1 Review

Exam 1 Review - NST 10 Introduction to Human Nutrition...

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NST 10 – Introduction to Human Nutrition University of California, Berkeley Fall 2010 Exam 1 Review INTRODUCTION AND MY PYRAMID 1. What are some general concepts of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans? Are these guidelines food-based or nutrient-based? get more nutrients in fewer kcalories, improve balance between food intake and exercise, limit dietary components that contribute to chronic disease, and keep food safe these are food-based 2. What are the food groups MyPyramid organized into? What does MyPyramid symbolize? Discuss the strengths and weakness of MyPyramid. Grains, Vegetables, Fruits, Milk and Meat&Beans, Oils It symbolizes variety, proportionality, moderation and activity weakness: only English and Spanish, strength: symbol of exercise, can be personalized, has an emphasis on grains 3. What does 3 oz of meat look like? a deck of cards 4. What are discretionary calories? Give a few examples of foods that provide these calories. kcalories remaining after you have met your nutrient needs by consuming nutrient dense foods from each of the food groups candy bars, cakes, chocolate, ice cream Digestion 1. List the primary organs involved in digestion. Mouth, Pharynx, Esophagus, Stomach, Small Intestine, Large Intestine, Anus 2. What are the accessory organs for digestion? Salivary glands, liver, gallbladder, pancreas 3. What are the factors that contribute to “Heartburn”? eating large portions of foods, lying down after eating, certain foods can be triggers, smoking/alcohol, overweight, tigh-fitting clothes, gestational hormonal changes, enlarged uterus during pregnancy 4. What are the factors that influence the rate of gastric emptying? Volume and Composition 1
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5. What are the consequences of not having a stomach? quicker gastric emptying, no chemical and enzymatic digestion, no liquefaction of food, no short term storage 6. What are the functions of the large intestine? absorb water and electrolytes, formation and storage of feces, microbial
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Exam 1 Review - NST 10 Introduction to Human Nutrition...

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