NST 10 – Introduction to Human Nutrition
University of California, Berkeley
Exam 1 Review
INTRODUCTION AND MY PYRAMID
What are some general concepts of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans? Are
these guidelines food-based or nutrient-based?
get more nutrients in fewer kcalories, improve balance between food intake and
exercise, limit dietary components that contribute to chronic disease, and keep
these are food-based
What are the food groups MyPyramid organized into? What does MyPyramid
symbolize? Discuss the strengths and weakness of MyPyramid.
Grains, Vegetables, Fruits, Milk and Meat&Beans, Oils
It symbolizes variety, proportionality, moderation and activity
weakness: only English and Spanish,
strength: symbol of exercise, can be
personalized, has an emphasis on grains
What does 3 oz of meat look like?
a deck of cards
What are discretionary calories? Give a few examples of foods that provide these
kcalories remaining after you have met your nutrient needs by consuming nutrient
dense foods from each of the food groups
candy bars, cakes, chocolate, ice cream
List the primary organs involved in digestion.
Mouth, Pharynx, Esophagus, Stomach, Small Intestine, Large Intestine, Anus
What are the accessory organs for digestion?
Salivary glands, liver, gallbladder, pancreas
What are the factors that contribute to “Heartburn”?
eating large portions of foods, lying down after eating, certain foods can be
triggers, smoking/alcohol, overweight, tigh-fitting clothes, gestational hormonal
changes, enlarged uterus during pregnancy
What are the factors that influence the rate of gastric emptying?
Volume and Composition