Assignment #5 Chapter 4
1. What countries are considered part of the European "core?" Please list at
least six facts about each of these countries with regard to their unique
topography (3 facts) and economic development (3 facts).
The European “core” countries consist of Andorra, Austria, Belgium,
France, Germany, Ireland, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Monaco,
Netherlands, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom.
Andorra’s topography located in the eastern Pyrenees Mountains
and is bordered by Spain and France. Andorra is a small, landlocked
country in southwestern Europe. Andorra was formed in 1278, and
sovereignty is shared between France and Spain. This country is
prosperous mainly because of its tourism and also because of its status as a
Austria’s topography located in the mountainous territory of the
eastern Alps, this country contains many snowfields, glaciers, and snow
capped peaks. 40% forests and woodlands cover Austria. Three economic
facts about Austria are, Austria has a well-developed market economy and
a high standard of living. It is closely tied to Germany. Finally Austria has a
small but highly developed agricultural sector.
Belgium is located in Western Europe, bordering the North Sea,
between France and the Netherlands. Its climate is temperate with mild
winters, and cool summers; rainy, humid and cloudy. The terrain is flat
coastal plain in northwest, central rolling hills and rugged mountains of
Ardennes. The economy consists of a private enterprise and has capitalized
on its central geographic location, highly developed transport network, and
diversified industrial and commercial base.
France is located in Western Europe, bordering the Bay of Biscay
and English Channel, between Belgium and Spain, southeast of the UK;
bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Italy and Spain. In France there
is mostly flat plain or gently rolling hills in north and west; the remainder
is mountainous, especially Pyrenees in the south and the Alps in the east.
The economy of France is in the changing from a well-to-do modern
economy to one that relies more on market mechanisms. The government
has partially or fully privatized many large companies, banks, and insurers.
Germany is located in Central Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and
the North Sea, between the Netherlands and Poland, south of Denmark.
The terrain consists of lowlands in the north, uplands in the center and the
Bavarian Alps in the south. Germany has the fifth largest economy is the
world in PPP terms and is Europe’s largest. Germany’s export oriented