Assign #9 Chapter 9
What are the primary biomes/physiographic topographic) regions in sub-Saharan
Africa has mainly a tropical biomes, this is because the equator cuts
through Africa giving it low-latitudes and making it the world’s most tropical
continent. There is also a tropical savanna climate in the north, south and east.
The savanna areas turn into steppe and desert in the north and southwest. In
these areas there is a lot of drought-prone tropical steppe and savanna areas
bordering the Sahara on the south. On the coasts of Eritrea, Djibouti, and
Somalia there is desert. Along the northwestern and southwestern fringes are
small areas of Mediterranean climate, while eastern coastal sections and interior
areas of South Africa have a humid subtropical climate. There is a lot of
precipitation, but it is not evenly distributed. Some areas get lots of rain while
other get no rain at all. Some of the areas that do receive a lot of rain also have
long dry periods. In this region there are a lot of droughts, these droughts last for
a long period of time and leave people in devastating conditions.
2. Where were the major slave trade routes from sub-Saharan Africa to the new
Slaves for the Trans-Atlantic slave trade were initially sources in
Senegambia and the Windward Coast. Around 1650 the trade moved to west
coast Africa (the Kingdom of the Kongo and neighboring Angola). During this
time the other major slave trade routes to the New World started in Sao Tome,
Bonny, Lagos, Goree, St. Louis, and Luanda in Africa. From there they would go
to South America and then up to North America. There were four main routes to
the New World all of which carried slaves and other wanted goods and services.
In North America, The slave route would go the Savannah and New Orleans, and
in South America the slave trade would stop in Salvador and Rio de Janeiro. All
of these continents and countries would trade other items like guns, ammunition,
rum, and manufactured goods for slaves. Other slave routes went to the Indian
countries, the start out point for these trade routes were, Dar es Salaam,
Zanzibar, Malindi, and Mogadishu. Portugal had a monopoly on the export of
slaves from Africa; they were the ones to officially start the slave trade.
3. Where were the major colonial possessions of various European powers in sub-
Saharan Africa? How did colonial rule affect sub-Saharan Africa negatively?
The major colonial possessions of the various European powers belonged to
Portugal, France, England, Germany, Belgium, Italy, and Spain. For more and a
half a century sub-Saharan Africa was a patchwork of European colonies, and
Europeans in these possessions were a privileged social and economic class.