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Unformatted text preview: BILD 3 Lecture 12 Handout What does the mammalian order Primates include? Lemurs, Tarsiers, anthropoids What are anthropoids? Monkeys and apes What group do human belong to? Apes What are the derived characters of primates? 1) large brain 2) short jaws 3) forward-looking eyes close together on the face important in depth perception 4) well-developed parental care 5) complex social behavior 6) fully opposable thumb 7) hands and feet adapted for grasping (most primates) What are the three main groups of living primates? 1) Lemurs (Madagascar) 2) Lorises (Africa, S. Asia) 3) Pottos (Africa, S. Asia) What did the oldest known anthropoid fossils show about tarsiers? How old? Tarsiers are more closely related to anthropoids, 45 mya What is the difference between New World and Old World monkeys? New: Have a prehensile tail and nostrils that open to the sides (spider monkey, capuchins, squirrel...
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- Fall '10