BILD 3 Lecture 14 Handout - Studies have shown there is a...

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BILD 3 Lecture 14 Handout What is the difference between the Integrated and Individualistic hypotheses? Integrated/Clements – Individualistic/Gleason – Name 7 interspecific interactions and indicate whether neither species benefit -/-, one benefits and one is adversely affected +/-, or if one benefits and one is unaffected +/0. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) What is the competitive exclusion principle? Describe the experiment that led to that principle. What is the difference between a fundamental and realized niche? Describe the barnacle experiment with regards to fundamental and realized niches. What is resource partitioning? What is the difference between cryptic and aposematic coloration? What is the difference between Batesian and Mullerian mimicry? What are two components of species diversity? 1)
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2) What is trophic structure? What are the primary producers and consumers in marine and terrestrial food chains? Marine: 1) 2) Terrestrial: 1) 2) What is a food web? Why is there less biomass as you go up the food chain?
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Unformatted text preview: Studies have shown there is a correlation between productivity (amount of photosynthesis) and what? What is the difference between a dominant species, foundation species, and a keystone species? Give an example of each. dominant: foundation: keystone: What is the difference between a bottom-up and top-down model of community organization? What is disturbance? Give examples. What is the difference between primary and secondary succession? Describe the three models of succession. 1) Facilitation 2) Inhibition 3) Tolerance What is the intermediate disturbance hypothesis? What are two key factors correlated with a community’s species diversity? 1) 2) What are 2 factors that explain latitudinal gradients in species richness? 1) 2) What 2 characteristics of an island can affect rates of immigration and extinction according to the equilibrium model of island biogeography? Draw graphs showing their effects. 1) 2)...
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