ACE Biology Module 5 Unit 4 Assignment, Part II .docx - Running Head ACE BIOLOGY MODULE 5:2 Module 5 Unit 4 Assignment Part II 1 List the 6 major

ACE Biology Module 5 Unit 4 Assignment, Part II .docx -...

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Running Head: ACE BIOLOGY MODULE 5:2 1 Module 5 Unit 4 Assignment, Part II 1. List the 6 major reservoirs for carbon, on Earth. a) Rocks b) Oceans c) Atmosphere d) Plants e) Soil f) Fossil Fuels 2. Any change in the carbon cycle that shifts carbon out of one reservoir puts more carbon where? Into the remaining 5 major reservoirs. 3. Increase in carbon gases in the atmosphere results in what? Increases the temperature on Earth. 4. The source of the majority of energy consumed by human civilization is what? Fossil fuels being burned. 5. In the slow carbon cycle, how long does it take carbon to move between rocks, soil, ocean, and atmosphere? Between 100-200 million years. 6. The movement of carbon from the atmosphere to rocks (the lithosphere) begins with what? With rain. 7. Atmospheric carbon combines with water to form what? Carbonic acid. 8. In oceans, photosynthesis is carried out by what organisms? How big are these organisms?
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ACE BIOLOGY MODULE 5:2 2 Phytoplankton carry out photosynthesis and while they do vary in size most are microscopic in size. 9. How is the remaining percentage of carbon-containing rock formed? Formed from sedimentary rock. Sedimentary rock is formed from deceased beings that have been embedded in layers of mud that has been compressed by heat and pressure over millions of years. 10. Oil, coal, and natural gas result from what situation?
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