ACE Biology Module 1 Cell Assignment.docx - Cell Assignment(30 pts Short Answer Questions 1 List the 3 rules of the Cell Theory and the 2 exceptions(5

ACE Biology Module 1 Cell Assignment.docx - Cell...

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Cell Assignment (30 pts.) Short Answer Questions 1. List the 3 rules of the Cell Theory and the 2 exceptions (5 points) 3 rules a) All organisms are composed of one or more cells b) Cells are the structural and functional unit of organisms c) All cells come from other cells 2 exceptions a) Viruses are not cells b) The first cell did not originate from a pre-existing cell 2. Define: Eukaryote and Prokaryote (4 Points) Eukaryote- Eukaryotic cells have membrane-bound cell organelles, including a cell nucleus. Prokaryote- Prokaryote are organisms composed of single cells which do not have membrane-bound organelles or a nucleus. Prokaryotes are mostly single-celled organisms. Prokaryotes are divided into two Domains: Archaea and Bacteria based on differences in chemical structure. 3. Define: Cytoplasm and Cytosol (2 Points) Cytoplasm- The entire contents of a Eukaryotic cell, minus the contents of the cell nucleus Cytosol- the aqueous component of the cytoplasm of a cell, within which various organelles and particles are suspended.
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