History 121 Midterm Study Guide
Special Field Order 15/ Sharecropping
- Distribution of plantation to former slaves.
a form of agriculture in which a landowner allows a tenant to use the land in return for a share of the
crops produced on their portion of land.
Radical Republicans/ Freedmen’s Bureau
- Radical Republicans wanted to establish civil rights for
former slaves and fully implement emancipation. (Give equality to those). The freedmen’s bureau
was implemented by Abraham Lincoln, and was an important factor of early reconstruction, assisting
freedmen in the south. This was an agency that helped suffering slave families after the civil war,
and provided food, shoes, clothes, and temporary shelter for them.
amendment is the civil rights bill which addresses citizenship rights
and equal protection of the laws and was proposed for issues regarding former slaves. 15
amendment prohibits denying a U.S. citizen the right to vote based on color or race.
Klu Klux Klan/ Jim Crowe Laws
- The KKK was the military wing of the democratic party. They
were a terroist group who raped, murdered and lynched black people. The Jim Crowe laws enforced
racial segregation in the South.
Compromise of 1877
- An unwritten deal that settled the large dispute of the 1876 presidential
election, because the democrat Samuel Tilden had more votes, but the republican Rutherford Hayes
still ended up winning. Congress appointed 15 men to make the decision.
Dawes Severalty Act
- This act authorized the president to survey the American Indian tribal land
and divide it into allotments for individual Indians. Those who accepted this land lived separately
from their tribe was granted U.S. citizenship.
Wounded Knee Massacre
- By the time this battle was over, more than 150 men, women, and children of
the Lakota had been killed and 51 were wounded. The U.S. government deeply regrets this and made
this a national landmark.
New Immigration/ Nativism
- New Immigration included Nativism (immigrant backlash) and the Chinese
Exclusion Act of 1822. Nativism includes immigrant backlash. It changes the nature of American cities,
different languages, different foods, and by 1900 over 1000 non- English newspapers.
Chinese Exclusion Act/ U.S. vs. Wong Kim Ark
- The Chinese Exclusion Act of 1822 was the first
immigration law to exclude an entire ethnic group from entering the U.S. Chinese immigrants victims of
victims of violence and lynching. Wong Kim Ark was from San Francisco, and was denied re-entry into the
under a law restricting immigrants from China from becoming U.S. citizens. He took
this to the Supreme Court to recognize his citizenship, and they agreed on his favor to stand by the