Exam 4 Formula Sheet

# Exam 4 Formula Sheet - Physics2750 Exam4formulasheet...

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Physics 2750 Exam 4 formula sheet Stationary fluids: B l l F p A p gh F V g ρ ρ = = = Flowing fluids: 1 1 2 2 2 1 2 const. Av A v p v gh ρ ρ = + + = Temperature scales: 0 9 32 5 273 F K F C K C T T T T = + = + Kinetic Theory of Gases 2 1 3 ( ) 2 2 3 3 2 2 3 avg B rms K N mv nRT U nRT Nk T kT v m = = = = = Ideal Gas Law B PV nRT PV Nk T = = Calorimetry heat capacity specific heat latent heat 0 absorbed released Q C T Q c m T Q m Q Q λ = Δ = Δ = + = Specific Heat for Monoatomic Gases 1 3 2 1 5 2 3 2 V=const P=const V P V V P V Q C R n T Q C R n T U nR T nC T U nC T C C R = = Δ = = Δ Δ = Δ = Δ = Efficiency 1 1 (Carnot) H H C C H C H W e Q Q Q W Q e Q T e T = = + = = Refrigerators C Q K W = Heat pumps H Q K W = Entropy 2 2 1 1 ln ln (for any process) f i T T V Q S T T V S nC nR T V δ Δ = Δ = + 1 st Law of Thermodynamics by gas f i V V U Q W W PdV Δ = = Isobaric process
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