JUS 222 Exam 1 Study Guide Complete

JUS 222 Exam 1 Study Guide Complete - Drug Intro Why do we...

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JUS 222 Exam 1 Study Guide 05:32 Drug Intro Why do we take drugs? (4 reasons) To heal (medicinal use, alter moods and metabolism) To sustain labor To transport (psychically, religious use, inspire) To divert (recreation) Most commonly used legal drugs C affeine is first A lcohol is second N icotine is third Most commonly used illegal drug Marijuana Drug Use and the Body Classic addiction – based on withdrawal symptoms: Chills Fever Gooseflesh
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Diarrhea muscular twitching Spasms Nausea Vomiting Cramps General bodily aches and pains, especially in the bones and the joints Psychological dependency/reinforcing “Psychic dependence” – there is a feeling of satisfaction and psychic drive that require periodic or continuous administration of the drug to produce pleasure or avoid discomfort. This is very different from physical dependence or “classic addiction” but it is a form of addiction nonetheless. Psychic or psychological dependence is not the same thing as physical dependence. They have different “causes” of continued use: The mechanism of physical dependence causes continued use through the avoidance of withdrawal ; The mechanism of psychological dependence causes continued use through the motive to seek pleasure . Potential for causing psychological dependence The more reinforcing the drug (pleasurable), the higher is its potential for psychic dependence. Immediate sensual appeal – cocaine, amphetamine, heroine – people who take them without knowing it, like the effects right away. …they don’t have to learn to appreciate the feeling (like marijuana, alcohol or LSD…or fine art, smoking, caviar, etc.) Non-compulsive drug users
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The “recreational user” o Uses a drug only on weekends or at social events o Moderate alcohol consumption o Does not experience physical withdrawal o Feels no psychological compulsion to use a drug The drugs of abuse Depressants Alcohol Narcotics (Opiates: heroine, morphine, codeine, painkillers) Sedatives, Tranquilizers, Anti-depressant and Anti-anxiety drugs Inhalants (glue, paint thinner, hair spray) Stimulants (caffeine, nicotine, cocaine, amphetamine, meth) Hallucinogens (L.S.D., P.C.P, MDMA, Mushrooms, Peyote) Marijuana Steroids Most commonly abused prescription drugs Percodan and Oxycontin Pharmacology
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the study of drug effects, how substances affect living tissue. The pharmacologist studies matters such as the administration, absorption, and distribution of drugs in the body, specifically in certain organs and sites in the body. *Drugs Actions the result of a chemical reaction between a given laboratory substance and the physical make-up of a given organism. This notion is abstract: “ideal processes” – pharmacologists control, assume, or posit factors such as:
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JUS 222 Exam 1 Study Guide Complete - Drug Intro Why do we...

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