memory

memory - Myers PSYCHOLOGY Memory Thinking,andLanguage...

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Myers’ PSYCHOLOGY Memory Thinking, and Language
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Overjustification Promising a reward for doing what one  already likes to do The reward, rather than the intrinsic  motivation, comes to be seen as the  motivation to do the task
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Observational Learning Learning by observing others Most of human learning may be  observational
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Memory Memory persistence of learning over time  via the storage and retrieval of  information Flashbulb Memory a clear memory of an  emotionally significant moment  or event
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Memory Memory as Information Processing similar to a computer   write to file save to disk read from disk
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Memory Encoding the processing of information into the memory  system   Storage the retention of encoded information over  time Retrieval process of getting information out of  memory
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Encoding- Getting Information In Encoding Effortful Automatic
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Encoding Automatic Processing unconscious encoding of incidental  information space time frequency well-learned information word meanings we can learn automatic processing reading backwards
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Encoding Effortful Processing requires attention and conscious  effort Rehearsal conscious repetition of information to maintain it in consciousness  to encode it for storage
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Encoding-Serial Position Effect 12 Percentage of words recalled 0 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 Position of word in list 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
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What Do We Encode? Semantic Encoding encoding of meaning including meaning of words Acoustic Encoding encoding of sound especially sound of words Visual Encoding encoding of picture images
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Encoding
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Encoding Imagery mental pictures a powerful aid to effortful processing,  especially when combined with semantic  encoding Mnemonics memory aids especially those techniques that use vivid  imagery and organizational devices
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Encoding Chunking organizing items into familiar, manageable units like horizontal organization- 1776149218121941 often occurs automatically use of acronyms HOMES-  H uron,  O ntario,  M ichigan,  E rie,  S uperior ARITHMETIC-  A    R at  I T om’s  H ouse  M ight  E at  T om’s  I ce  C ream
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Encoding- Chunking Organized information is more easily recalled
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Storage- Retaining Information Sensory Memory
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This note was uploaded on 12/04/2010 for the course PSY 2012 taught by Professor Waesche during the Spring '08 term at FSU.

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memory - Myers PSYCHOLOGY Memory Thinking,andLanguage...

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