memory - Myers PSYCHOLOGY Memory Thinking,andLanguage...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–17. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Myers’ PSYCHOLOGY Memory Thinking, and Language
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Overjustification Promising a reward for doing what one  already likes to do The reward, rather than the intrinsic  motivation, comes to be seen as the  motivation to do the task
Image of page 2
Observational Learning Learning by observing others Most of human learning may be  observational
Image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Memory Memory persistence of learning over time  via the storage and retrieval of  information Flashbulb Memory a clear memory of an  emotionally significant moment  or event
Image of page 4
Memory Memory as Information Processing similar to a computer   write to file save to disk read from disk
Image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Memory Encoding the processing of information into the memory  system   Storage the retention of encoded information over  time Retrieval process of getting information out of  memory
Image of page 6
Encoding- Getting Information In Encoding Effortful Automatic
Image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Encoding Automatic Processing unconscious encoding of incidental  information space time frequency well-learned information word meanings we can learn automatic processing reading backwards
Image of page 8
Encoding Effortful Processing requires attention and conscious  effort Rehearsal conscious repetition of information to maintain it in consciousness  to encode it for storage
Image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Encoding-Serial Position Effect 12 Percentage of words recalled 0 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 Position of word in list 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
Image of page 10
What Do We Encode? Semantic Encoding encoding of meaning including meaning of words Acoustic Encoding encoding of sound especially sound of words Visual Encoding encoding of picture images
Image of page 11

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Encoding
Image of page 12
Encoding Imagery mental pictures a powerful aid to effortful processing,  especially when combined with semantic  encoding Mnemonics memory aids especially those techniques that use vivid  imagery and organizational devices
Image of page 13

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Encoding Chunking organizing items into familiar, manageable units like horizontal organization- 1776149218121941 often occurs automatically use of acronyms HOMES-  H uron,  O ntario,  M ichigan,  E rie,  S uperior ARITHMETIC-  A    R at  I T om’s  H ouse  M ight  E at  T om’s  I ce  C ream
Image of page 14
Encoding- Chunking Organized information is more easily recalled
Image of page 15

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Storage- Retaining Information Sensory Memory the immediate, initial recording of sensory information in 
Image of page 16
Image of page 17
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern