Islam brief online version

Islam brief online version - Islam Islamic Doctrine Islamic...

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Islam Islamic Doctrine Islamic History Islamic Culture
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Pillars of Islam 1. Shahadeh (testimony of faith)* 2. Salat (prayer – 5 times per day) 3. Sawm (fasting – 9 th lunar month; sunrise to sunset; abstain from food, drink, sex…) 4. Zakat (religious income tax) 5. Hajj (pilgrimage; once per lifetime for those These constitute fundamental requirements that all Muslims must perform. Except for the first, each has conditions that all for restrictions on occasion to be relaxed.
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Islamic Sources of Law 1. Quranic Principles 2. Prophet’s Traditions/Hadiths (Sunnah) 3. Analogical Reasoning (Qiyas; stare decisis) 4. Consensus of Community (Ijma`) 5. Ijtihad (legal scholarship, interpretation)
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Islam: Chronology Early Period Muhammad (570-632) Islam (610- Start of revelation) Hijrah to Medina (622= 1 AH, year one in Islamic calendar)* Prophet as ruler (622-32; rule based on a compact with the people of Medinah; first and only actual “social contract” in history)
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Islam brief online version - Islam Islamic Doctrine Islamic...

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