Final+Review+2A - 2A
Final
Review
 
 Culture
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Unformatted text preview: 2A
Final
Review
 
 Culture
 Bodies

 
 Race
 Victorian
view
of
culture
 Ethnography
 Fieldwork
 Eugenics
 Fieldwork,
Participant
observation,

 Malinoswki
 Cultural
relativism
 Boas

 Four
fields
of
anthropology
 Geertz
 Symbolic
anthropology
 Thick
Description
 Significance
of
Darwin’s
The
Origins
of
Species
(1859)
 Structural
Functionalism
(Radcliffe‐Brown
1930‐1960)
 • Radcliffe‐Brown,
and
the
structural
functionalists,
focused
attention
on
social
 structure,
per
se.
R‐B
suggested
that
a
society
is
a
system
of
relationships
or
 structures
maintaining
itself
through
cybernetic
feedback,
while
institutions
 are
orderly
sets
of
relationships
whose
function
is
to
maintain
the
society
as
 a
system.
He
emphasized
examining
the
contribution
of
phenomena
to
 maintaining
social
order,
and
disregarded
individual
needs.
IUnlike
 Malinowski's
emphasis
on
individuals,
Radcliffe‐Brown
considered
 individuals
as
essentially
irrelevant.
 • System‐oriented
 Functionalism
(Malinowski:
1910‐1930)
 • Malinowski’s
functionalism
was
a
theory
of
culture
based
on
the
satisfaction
 of
primary
needs.
He
suggested
that
individuals
have
physiological
needs
 (such
as
to
eat,
or
to
procreate)
and
that
social
institutions
(such
as
to
barter
 or
trade,
or
to
marry)

develop
to
meet
these
needs.

 • Human
needs
are
satisfied
by
social
structure;
every
social
institution
has
a
 human
need
to
satisfy.
 • social
institutions
(which
collectively
form
a
social
structure)
function
to
 maintain
the
harmony
of
the
social
whole.
 
 Kinship
Affinity
 Consanguinity
 Fictive
Kinship
 Feminist
Anthropology
 Sapir‐Whorf
hypothesis
 Signifier/signified
 Ruth
Benedict
Patterns
of
Culture
 Margaret
Mead
Sex
and
Temperament
 Culture
and
Personality
 Panopticon
 Prison
Industrial
Complex
 Identity
 Film:
The
Split
Horn
 Film:
The
New
Asylums

 Film:
Paris
is
Burning
 Structural
violence
(Bourgois,
Scheper‐Hughes)
 “Comfort
foods”
 Politics
of
the
dinner
table
 Globalization

 More
broadly:
theoretical
shifts
in
anthropology:
what
do
they
suggest/reflect?
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 ...
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This note was uploaded on 12/07/2010 for the course ANTHRO Anthro 2A taught by Professor Victoriabernal during the Fall '10 term at UC Irvine.

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