Midterm+Review+Sheet+Anthro+169 - Midterm Review Sheet...

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Midterm Review Sheet – Anthro 169/ IS 179 Fall 2010 Please bring scantron from # F-288 to the exam as well as a couple of pencils and an eraser. The exam is scheduled for Thursday, October 21, 2010. You will have until 8:00 pm (90 minutes) to complete the midterm. Please also refer to the" Barong Dance ", “Key Terms” and " Hinduism & Buddhism" handouts that I passed out in class as you review for this midterm. If you have lost the handouts, they are available on the class website. Also, please do study over both your reading and lecture notes! Readings – The exam will include questions on the following readings (Classes 2 – 5): 1 . Looking at Southeast Asian History. D.G.E. Hall 2. A New Look at Old Southeast Asia. Craig J. Reynolds 3. Conceptions of State and Kingship in Southeast Asia. Robert Heine-Geldern 4 . The Syncretism of Religions in Southeast Asia, Especially in the Khmer Empire. Lawrence Palmer Briggs 5. Buddhism and Popular Religion in Medieval Vietnam. J. C. Cleary 6. Adam and Eve and Vishnu: Syncretism in the Javanese Slametan . Andrew Beatty Common western theoretical approaches to the state: Marx – Conflict Theorist – state is built on relations of class conflict. Alienation is the norm. The state seeks to “manage” this conflict and continue to exploit lower classes. Social alienation is the norm. Durkheim – Stasis Theorist – societies are normally cooperative and in a state of balance. Anomie or alienation is the exception, not the norm. Weber – States maintain a monopoly on the use of force. States are legitimated by society for the purpose of allowing force to be used to “keep” order when needed. Alternative theoretical approaches to Southeast Asian states: “State-as-mandala” – state is built on Buddhist principles of harmony and balance. The role of the state was to create a harmonious society (a microcosm of heaven). State as Negara – Southeast Asian states were “theater” states. These states showed their power more through symbolic displays of power than explicit force. This idea was popularized by the anthropologist Clifford Geertz in the 1970s. Religious Terms Animism – spirit worship and ancestor worship were the “original” forms of religion throughout Southeast Asia. Naga worship – animist snake spirits as protective guardians of the land. Angkor kings claim to be descended from Soma, the daughter of the Naga king and an Indian prince. Barong dance of Bali – The animist Barong spirit protects the village against the evil Rangda (widow-witch). This local animist tradition is incorporated into the Hindu Mahabharata epic. Indian Influence – Emerging empires in Southeast Asia began to emulate the religions of India. India was looked to as a source of cultural, political and religious inspiration. Indian Brahmins were brought into the royal courts of Southeast Asia. Hinduism, Buddhism and Islam all eventually came to Southeast Asia via Indian cultural and economic influence.
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Barong Dance –
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