handout01 - Lecture Notes to CHEM 251 Physical Chemistry...

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Lecture Notes to CHEM 251 Physical Chemistry for Engineers Winter Semester 2009 Walter Scott [email protected] http://www.chem.ubc.ca/personnel/faculty/scotty/index.shtml UBC Chemistry Department 0–1
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Acknowledgements Suzana Straus http://www.chem.ubc.ca/personnel/faculty/straus/index.shtml Keng Chang Chou http://www.chem.ubc.ca/personnel/faculty/chou/index.shtml Keith Mitchell http://www.chem.ubc.ca/personnel/faculty/mitchell/index.shtml These lecture notes were written on an linux system ( http://www.ubuntu.com ) in L A T E X using the seminar , graphicx and animate packages. Diagrams were drawn using the ( http://www.xfig.org/ ) program. Images were manipulated using the GIMP ( http://www.gimp.org ). Function plots and animations were made using the gnuplot program ( http://www.gnuplot.info/ ). Pictures of molecular systems were made using the UCSF Chimera molecular modelling system ( http://www.cgl.ucsf.edu/chimera/ ). 0–2
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Contents 0 – Organisational Technicalities 1 – Contact Information 2 – Electronic Courseware 3 – Examination Policy 4 – Bibliography 1 – Introduction and Overview 1 – Micro- & Macroscopic Views of Matter 2 – Central Concepts in Thermodynamics 2 – Properties of Matter 1 – Thermodynamic Systems 2 – Equilibrium & Non-equilibrium 3 – State Variables & Functions 4 – State Functions 5 – The Zero’th Law 6 – The State of Non-equilibrium Systems 7 – The Empirical Gas Laws 8 – The Ideal Gas Law 9 – The Pressure of an Ideal Gas 10 – The Equipartition Theorem 0–3
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11 – Dalton’s Law of Partial Pressures 12 – States of Matter 13 – The Van der Waals Equation 14 – Compressibility Factor 15 – Virial Expansion 16 – The Law of Corresponding States 17 – The Lennard-Jones Interaction Potential 18 – Coexistence of Phases and Critical Points 19 – The Boltzmann Distribution 20 – The Maxwell-Boltzmann Velocity Distribution 21 – The Maxwell Speed Distribution 22 – Thermosiphons and Heat Pipes 23 – Vacuum Distillation 24 – Molecular Collisions & Mean Free Path 25 – Statistical Thermodynamics Primer 3 – The First Law of Thermodynamics 1 – Internal Energy, Heat and Work 2 – Path Dependence and Independence 3 – Enthalpy 4 – The First Law in Open Systems 5 – Some Applications of the First Law 6 – Power and Refrigeration Cycles 7 – Thermochemistry: Hess’s Law 8 – Isothermal Titration Calorimetry 0–4
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4 – The Second Law of Thermodynamics 1 – Introduction 2 – The Carnot Cycle 3 – The Second Law 4 – Calculating Entropy Changes 5 – The Heat Death of the Universe 6 – Addendum: Working with the Gaussian Distribution 7 – Absolute Entropy and the Third Law 8 – Entropy Changes in Chemical Reactions 9 – Free Energies 10 – The Maxwell Relations 5 – Chemical Kinetics 1 – Introduction 2 – Rate Laws 3 – Measuring Reaction Rates & Orders 4 – The Arrhenius Equation 5 – An Overview of Reaction Types 0–5
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