Quiz 3 - Bebop to Mingus - This quiz covers all of hardbop...

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This quiz covers all of hardbop, miles davis, west coast, ellington in the 50’s, and mingus. Watch out for fill in the blank, otherwise, just another quiz with a lot to study. I would look at that list of musicians too, but only study people in this section. Hard Bop •A reaction to the anemic, cool jazz records that exploited the superficial elements of west coast. •Pendulum Theory •Return to roots: gospel and blues influences •Simpler harmony, rhythm and melody than bebop •Powerful, explosive, hard driving •“Funk” became an important concept. •Standard group was the Quintet– Piano, bass, drums, trumpet, and tenor sax. •The first era when the LP was firmly entrenched. (Technology influences the music) •Three important bands –Art Blakey & the Jazz Messengers –Horace Silver Miles Davis Art Blakey drums •Drummer and leader of the Jazz Messengers •Epitomized the loosening of jazz drumming styles. •Used loud intrusions as accompanimental figures. •“Moanin” – 1958 •Example of Call and Response •Form is AABA •Bridge has no call and response •Blues March – 1958 •Drum solo: is reminiscent of a marching band functions as an interlude between solos Form is 12 bar blues •Dat Dere (Not the Ricky Lee Jones tune!) •Composed 1960 by Bobby Timmons – Pianist in Blakey’s Jazz Messengers •Form is AABA •Groove is easy swing until the bridge, then a shuffle. Horace Silver •Composer, Pianist & Bandleader •Replaced bebop lines with short catchy phrases. •Virtuosity was not essential to his style.
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