DE American History Research Paper on Benedict Arnold.docx - Martin 1 Chandler Martin DE American History Mr Lloyd 15 December 2014 Benedict Arnold

DE American History Research Paper on Benedict Arnold.docx...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 7 pages.

Martin 1Chandler MartinDE American HistoryMr. Lloyd15 December 2014Benedict Arnold, Trader or TraitorBenedict Arnold was born on January 14, 1741 in Norwich, Connecticut. His parentswere Hannah Arnold and Benedict Arnold III. Many of his siblings died at early childhood toyellow fever and only he and one of his sisters, Hannah, made it to adulthood. Arnold wasenrolled in private schooling and was expected to later go to Yale, but when his father began todrink because of the many deaths in the family, the money stopped coming in and Arnold’schance of an education failed. Arnold was also supposed to take on the family business but sincehis father was always drinking and was sick, his father didn’t have time to teach him how to runthe business. But Arnold’s mother found a way for him to work. He was to work with his twocousins who operated a successful apothecary and general merchandise trade in Norwich. Heworked with them from the time he was fourteen to twenty-one. In 1762, Arnold established his own business as a pharmacist and bookseller in NewHaven, Connecticut. Arnold was a hardworking and a successful man who was able to rapidlyexpand his business. In 1764, he formed a partnership with a young New Haven merchant by thename of Adam Babcock. Using the profits that they made from their business, they bought threetrading ships and established the West Indies trade. During this time, he brought his sister,Hannah, to New Haven and established her in his apothecary business to manage it in hisabsence.
Martin 2The Sugar Act of 1764 and the Stamp Act of 1765 severely reduced mercantile trade inthe colonies. Arnold, like many other merchants, continued to trade as if the Stamp Act did notexist. In this, he became a smuggler in rebelling against the act. Soon after the act wasestablished, Arnold was convicted of a disorderly conduct charge and fined an amount of 50shillings. On February 22, 1767, Arnold married Margaret Mansfield, who was the daughter ofSamuel Mansfield, the sheriff of New Haven. Arnold greatly benefited from his relationship withMansfield. He became a partner in his business and used his position as sheriff to protect Arnoldfrom creditors. Their first son, Benedict, was born the following year of their marriage, and wasfollowed by two more sons Richard and Henry. On June 19, 1775, early in the revolution and

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture