Myths of the Greek and Roman

Myths of the Greek and Roman - Geography 01:09...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–6. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Geography 01:09 Geography of myth Mountains and islands influenced the Greeks as well as the extensive  shorelines Most geography in pure myth is unknown… sometimes Mtn. Olympus and  Delphi Topography: dry with shallow rivers, mountainous o Little tillable land, country not united, cities separate Sparse on resources and metals (some silver in the north) Have mineral deposits, plus the islands and sea gave them ample building  material Traders, middle of Mediterranean Plains with city states Macedonia and Thessaly Phocis-Delphi Boeotia-Thebes Attica-Athens Argolis-Tiryns, Mycenae, Argos Laconia-Sparta Messenia-Pylos Elis-Olympia Islands Crete Euboea
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Rhodes Samos Chios Lesbos Greek Historical Periods (must know!!) Early/middle bronze age (3000-1600 BC) o Minoan civilization in Crete (2200-1450BC) Mycenaean age (1600-1150BC) o Strong kings: Agamemnon and Mycenae; Achaeans  o Linear B and Michael Ventris (language) Dark age (1150-800BC) o Dorian invasion is assumed to have happened as there was not much  progress and there was heavy Dorian influence Archaic (800-480BC) o Homer’s Iliad and odyssey writings o Polis and aristocracy are formed, Persia (Cyrus the great 600-529BC) o Kick off to culture Classical (480-323BC) o 508BC democracy will develop in Athens under Cleisthenes and Demos,  becomes and intellectual center, giver value to the individual working for  the whole o culture erupts, blossoms, pragmatic use for the arts o Athens emerges 490BC battle of Marathon o Peloponnesian was (431-404BC) Athens vs. Sparta Hellenistic (323-30BC) o Phillip II of Macedon (338, 336BC) and son Alexander the Great (323BC) Ptolemaic (influence on Greek culture, control of rich farmland),  Seleucid, Anticonid Roman Empire Proper: Octavious rules Religion Belief in deities/rituals
Image of page 2
Isn’t fixed, there are different types of rituals Polytheism naturally develops with the emergence of different cultures in city- states Pederasty (Homosexuality with old male and prepubescent male) supposedly  taught males how to be male Myth sources/cultures Mesopotamia o Egyptian  o Sumerian (3500BC) o Semitic (2000BC) Hammurabi Ehuna elish o Hebrew (2000BC) o Hittite (1600-1200BC) Greek archaic o Homer o Hesiod o Homeric cycle Classical o Rhapsodes o Choral song (Pindar 522-443BC) o Tragedians (Sophocles, Euripides, Aeschylus) Hellenistic (Librarians at Alexandria) o Callimachus o Apollonius of Rhodes o Library of Apolloduros Roman myth o Vergil’s Aeneid o Ovid’s Metamorphoses o Seneca’s Tragedies
Image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Myths of Creation 01:09 Myths of Creation: Pure myth
Image of page 4
Myths of Creation 01:09 Cosmogony: birth of the universe Theogony: creations of Gods
Image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 6
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern