Sexuality Notes miderm - 23:50 Anthropology:...

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23:50 Anthropology: study of humankind culture and biology over time and space Seeks to comprehend human existence into holistic perspectives Two senses of holism o Includes all humans across time and space o All aspects of human existence  Archaeology investigates human past through analysis of material remains o Historic and prehistoric Physical Anthropology: biological variation among humans and non-human  relatives Linguistic anthropology: relationship between language and other human  behavior Cultural anthropology: variation in culture among humans , collecting data  about impacts Sexuality: ways we experience and express ourselves as sexual beings Why is sex fun? Why does it vary? Why do women orgasm? Is penis size  related to culture and race? Objectives Describe the biological and cultural components of human sexuality Think about cultural influences on sexuality Incorporate scientific knowledge Analyze evidence others use when making sexual claims Become more comfortable talking about sex Increase personal knowledge, comfort, acceptance of own sexuality Promote tolerance and understanding
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Discussion section Over 70% of TV shows have sexual references We spend a lot of our time with the media We are accepted on facebook through pictures, statuses, etc… Most of what is normal is cultural  Ethnocentrism: belief that one’s culture is greater than other cultures Cultural relativism: cant judge culture by the standards of another Mangaia of Polynesia are VERY sexual o When boys are 13-14 they are taught how to please a girl… yet sexuality  drops during adulthood Dani of New Guinea have little sex interest: after a baby I born they abstain  from sex for 5 years Sambians: boys become men by ingesting semen (not homosexual)
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23:50 How do we know what we think we know? What is speakable? There is a history to our own ideas about what is sexually appropriate and  desirable Ancient China Yin: feminine, passive, soft, receptive Yang: masculine, active and assertive o The two are bonded by sex Sexual instruction was common, men feel yang with sex minus ejaculation Taught that they should FEEL the woman’s orgasm Ancient India Focus on karma Created the first sex book: Kama Sutra o Loving mental relationship Women should please men Temple of Khajurano: tantric art 950-1050 AD Ancient Mediterranean Hebrew, Greek and roman contributions Bible has explicit rules about sexual behavior o Forbids homosexuality, adultery, sex with family members o Focuses on marital love
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23:50 Adopted by Christianity
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