electronic_news

electronic_news - Introduction to Mass Communication(MC...

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Introduction to Mass Communication (MC 2000 section 1) Craig M. Freeman
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Big Story
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Best Story Brazil woman pres
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A Brief History of Electronic News Newsreels Newsreels were short films, usually around 10 minutes long, about the news of the day. They included five or six items of current news, human interest features, and sports events. From WW I until TV became popular in the 1950s, newsreels were shown with the feature attractions in every movie theater. Newsreels mostly covered expected events, such as parades and beauty contests, and residual news stories about events that are recurrent or long-lasting, such as floods, because it was expensive and time- consuming to set up a film crew.
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A Brief History of Electronic News Radio News In 1933, the newspaper industry was powerful enough to force radio networks into the Biltmore Agreement: No morning newscasts before 9:30 AM or evening newscasts before 9:00 PM. No breaking news bulletins from the wire services. Newscasts could not be sponsored. Radio commentaries , which were discussions about the news, were permitted. Non-network stations were not party to the Biltmore Agreement, and several independent radio news services were created to service these stations.
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A Brief History of Electronic News The Biltmore Agreement lasted less than one year. Newscasters, such as NBC’s Lowell Thomas, H.V. Kaltenborn at CBS, and gossip columnist Walter Winchell became radio stars. Radio showed propensity for on-the-spot news bulletins and eyewitness reporting of breaking news, including the 1937 explosion of the German dirigible The Hindenburg. Radio helped newspapers by whetting the audience’s appetite for in-depth newspaper coverage of breaking news heard over the radio.
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A Brief History of Electronic News Radio audiences heard live reports of Hitler’s 1938 annexation of Austria, the 1939 invasion of Poland, and the 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor. Radio news expanded during WW II as Edward R. Murrow’s wartime newscasts became hugely popular. In 1946, 63 percent of Americans cited radio as their primary source of news. In 1948, radio demonstrated its advantage over the slower-moving print media. Early editions of newspapers erroneously reported that Republican Thomas Dewey had defeated Democratic incumbent Harry Truman in the presidential election, but radio accurately flashed the news that Truman had won.
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A Brief History of Electronic News All-News Format In 1960, San Francisco area station KFAX (“K-Facts) began presenting news 24 hours a day. KFAX followed a “newspaper of the air” format which was like reading an entire newspaper from front to back, including sports, cooking features, and a “comics page,” consisting of comedy recordings, but the format was a financial failure. In 1964, Chicago’s WNUS (“W-News”) adopted an all-
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electronic_news - Introduction to Mass Communication(MC...

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