wk8_Mod_31_LTR

wk8_Mod_31_LTR - Thinking Module31 1 Thinking Thinking...

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1 Thinking Module 31
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2 Thinking Thinking Concepts Solving Problems Making Decisions and Forming  Judgments Belief Bias
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3 Thinking Thinking or  cognition  refers to a process that  involves knowing, understanding, remembering and  communicating.
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4 Cognitive Psychologists Thinking involves a number of mental activities  listed below, and cognitive psychologists study them  with great detail. 1. Concepts 2. Problem solving 3. Decision making 4. Judgment formation
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5 Concepts Mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or  people. There are a variety of chairs but their common  features define the concept of  chair .
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6 Category Hierarchies We organize concepts into category hierarchies. Courtesy of Christine Brune
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7 Development of Concepts We form some concepts by definitions, e.g.,  triangle has three side. But mostly we form  concepts by a mental image or a best example  ( _______ ), e.g., robin is a prototype of a bird but  penguin is not. Triangle (definition) Bird (mental image) Daniel J. Cox/ Getty Images J. Messerschmidt/ The Picture Cube
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8 Categories Once we place an item in a category our memory  shifts toward the category prototype. A computer generated face that was 70 percent Caucasian, lead people to classify it as Caucasian. Courtesy of Oliver Corneille
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9 Problem Solving There are two ways to solve problems: ________ :   Methodical, logical rule or procedure that  guarantees solving a particular problem. A problem consists of: 1)_______  state: the condition at the beginning   of the problem 1)_______  state: the solution to the problem
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10 Algorithms Algorithms exhaust all possibilities before arriving  at a solution. They take a long time. Computers use  algorithms. S P L O Y O C H Y G
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wk8_Mod_31_LTR - Thinking Module31 1 Thinking Thinking...

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