wk9_Mod_32_LTR

wk9_Mod_32_LTR - LanguageandThought Module32 1...

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1 Language and Thought Module 32
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2 Thinking and Language Language Language Structure Language Development Language Influences Thinking Thinking in Images
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3 Thinking and Language Animal Thinking and  Language Do Animals Think? Do Animals Exhibit Language? The Case of the Apes
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4 Language Our spoken, written, or gestured word, it is the way we  communicate meaning to ourselves and others. Language transmits culture. M. & E. Bernheim/ Woodfin Camp & Associates
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5 Language Structure ________ :  The smallest distinctive sound unit in a  spoken language. For example:   bat,  has three phonemes  b ∙ a ∙ t chat,  has three phonemes  ch ∙ a ∙ t  
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6 Language Structure ________ :  The smallest unit that carries meaning  may be a word or a part of a word. For example: Milk =  milk Pumpkin =  pump . kin Unforgettable =  un ∙ for ∙ get ∙ table
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7 Structuring Language Phrase Sentence Meaningful units (290,500) …  meat,  pumpkin. Words Smallest meaningful units (100,000) …  un, for . Morphemes Basic sounds (about 40) …  ea, sh . Phonemes Composed of two or more words  (326,000) …  meat eater. Composed of many words (infinite) …  She opened the jewelry box.
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8 Grammar A system of rules in a language that enables us to  communicate with and understand others. Grammar Syntax Semantics
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9 Semantics Set of rules by which we derive meaning from  morphemes, words, and sentences. For example: Semantic rule tells us that adding  –ed  to the word  laugh  means that it happened in the past.
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10 Syntax The rules for combining words into grammatically  sensible sentences. For example:  In English syntactical rule is that adjectives come  before nouns;  white house . In Spanish it is reversed;  casa blanca .
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11 Language Development Children learn their native  languages much before  learning to add 2+2. We learn on average (after  age 1) 3,500 words a year,  amassing 60,000 words by  the time we graduate high  school. Time Life Pictures/ Getty Images
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12 When do we learn language? _______  Stage:   beginning at 4 months the  infant spontaneously  utters various sounds,  like  ah-goo . Babbling is  not imitation of adult  speech.
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13 When do we learn language? ____ -_______
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This note was uploaded on 12/05/2010 for the course MC 2000 taught by Professor Freeman during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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wk9_Mod_32_LTR - LanguageandThought Module32 1...

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