7bd100a3fcff9328d0d4707b0614b8b9

7bd100a3fcff9328d0d4707b0614b8b9 - oSocial Psychology...

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Unformatted text preview: oSocial Psychology Social Psychology : the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and relate to one another Module 56: Social Thinking Attributing Behavior Attribution Theory : the theory that we explain someones behavior by crediting either the situation or the persons disposition Fundamental Attribution E r ror : tendency for observers, when analyzing anothers behavior, to underestimate the impact of the situation and overestimate the impact of personal disposition Effects of Attributing Behavior Legal system Marriage Poverty and Unemployment Attitudes and Actions Attitude : feelings, often influenced by our beliefs, that predispose us to respond in a particular way to objects, people, and events Attitudes Affect Actions Central Route Persuasion : occurs when interested people focus on the arguments and respond with favorable thoughts Peripheral Route Persuasion- occurs when people are influenced by incidental cues, such as a speakers attractiveness Actions Affect Attitudes Foot-in-the-door Phenomenon : the tendency for people who have first agreed to a small request to comply later with a larger request Actions Affect Attitudes Role : a set of explanations (norms) about a social position, defining how those in the position ought to behave o E.g. Zimbardos Stanford Prison Experiment Cognitive Dissonance Cognitive Dissonance Theory : the theory that we act to reduce the discomfort (dissonance) we feel when two of our thoughts (cognitions) are inconsistent. o Ex. When our awareness of our attitudes and of our actions clash, we can reduce the resulting dissonance by changing our attitudes Module 57: Social Influence Group Pressure and Conformity Conformity : adjusting ones behaviors or thinking to coincide with a group standard Conditions that Strengthen Conformity One is made to feel incompetent Group has 3 people Group is unanimous Admiration of group No prior commitment to response Observation Culture encourages respect for social standards...
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7bd100a3fcff9328d0d4707b0614b8b9 - oSocial Psychology...

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