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Unformatted text preview: Introduction To Psychology: Personality Personality Personality an individuals characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, & acting Module 45: The Psychoanalytic Perspective Exploring The Unconscious Free Association method of exploring the unconscious in which the person relaxes & says whatever comes to mind, no matter how t rivial or embarrassing. Psychoanalysis attributes thoughts & actions to unconscious; treatment of psychological disorders by exposing & interpreting unconscious tensions. Unconscious: o Freud said: a reservoir of mostly unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings, & memories o Modern psychologists say: information processing of which we are unaware Personality Structure Id unconscious; strives to satisfy basic sexual & aggressive drives; operates on pleasure principle Ego partly conscious; mediates demands of id, superego, & reality; operates on reality principle Superego partly conscious; represents internalized ideals; provides standards for judgment & future aspirations Page 1 of 8 Personality Development Psychosexual Stages childhood stages of development in which the ids pleasure- seeking energies focus on distinct erogenous zones. Personality Development (contd) Oedipus Complex a boys sexual desires toward his mother & feelings of jealously & hatred for the rival father Electra Complex girls parallel of the Oedipus complex Identification process by which children incorporate their parents values into their developing superegos Fixation a lingering focus of pleasure-seeking energies at an earlier psychosexual stage, in which conflicts were unresolved Defense Mechanisms Defense Mechanism the egos protective methods of reducing anxiety by unconsciously distorting reality Page 2 of 8...
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This note was uploaded on 12/05/2010 for the course MC 2000 taught by Professor Freeman during the Spring '08 term at LSU.
- Spring '08
- Mass Communication