exam3-4 - Exam 3 Study Guide Module 41: stress & illness...

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Exam 3 Study Guide Define stress Stress is the process by which we perceive and respond to certain events, called stressors , that we appraise as threatening or challenging. o What type of psychology contributes to behavior medicine Health Psychology o What do health psychologists study They study stress-related aspects of disease. What was Walter Cannon’s contribution to the study of stress Walter Cannon confirmed that stress response is part of a unified mind-body system. He also proposed that stress response (fast) was a fight-or-flight response marked by outpour of epinephrine and norepinephrine from inner adrenal glands increasing heart and respiration rates, mobilizing sugar and fat and dulling pain. Describe all 3 stages of Hans Selye’s general adaptation syndrome (GAS) Phase 1 : you experience an alarm reaction due to the sudden activation of your sympathetic nervous system. Your heart rate zooms, blood is diverted to your skeletal muscles, you feel the faintness of shock. Phase 2 : resistance . Your temperature, blood pressure, and respiration remain high, and there is a sudden outpouring of hormones. Phase 3 : exhaustion . With exhaustion you are more vulnerable to illness or even, in extreme cases, collapse of death. What are the two personality types that differentially predict how we respond to stress Type A (more likely to develop heart disease) : The most reactive, competitive, hard-driving, impatient, time-conscious, supermotivated, verbally aggressive, and easily angered. Type B : The roughly equal number who are more easygoing. o Describe or give an example of someone who represents each of the personality types How does stress affect our health: o Heart functioning Stress that leads to elevated blood pressure results in Coronary Heart Diseases clogging of the vessels that nourish the heart muscles. Immune system functioning (know what type of cells are affected) White blood cells, called lymphocytes form in the bone marrow and release antibodies that fight bacterial infections. Progression of AIDS Stress accelerates the progression of AIDS Cancer Under reacting of the immune system may allow dormant cancer cells to multiply. o What stress hormones play a role in suppressing the immune system? Cortisol
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Module 42: coping with stress Describe in detail the two coping styles that were discussed in the book. Problem-focused coping:
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This note was uploaded on 12/05/2010 for the course MC 2000 taught by Professor Freeman during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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exam3-4 - Exam 3 Study Guide Module 41: stress & illness...

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