Chapter 7 (Learning) and Chapter 8 (Memory) - November 12 2009

Chapter 7 (Learning) and Chapter 8 (Memory) - November 12 2009

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Psychology 1000: Chapter 7 (cont’d) and 8 (part 1) November 12, 2009 Review questions Q1: After Pavlov conditioned his dogs salivate to the sound of a bell, he plays the sound of a drum, and finds that the dogs do not salivate. This is A: Discrimination Q2: in the Pavlov study, after learning to salivate to the bell, the bell is considered to be the A: Conditioned stimulus ______________________________________________________________________ Chapter 7 Classical conditioning Applied classical conditioning principles to humans (Watson) Acquisition of phobias Little Albert Development is simply learned responses from our environment Generalization in action Many important applications Learning of both positive and negative reaction through pairing Other After drinking too much: nausea paired with the taste /smell of alcohol Operant conditioning (Edward Thorndike) Learning by associating a behavior with its consequences Again, learning occurs when you recognize that one event predicts another
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
“Law of effect” Thorndike’s experiment -Puzzle box Shaping behavior (B. F. Skinner) Operant conditioning terms Reinforcement Reward for desired behavior Strengthens behavioral response Positive or negative Primary vs. secondary Punishment Penalty for undesired behavior Weakens behavioral response Positive vs. negative Reinforcement vs. punishment Positive reinforcement - Positive is presented to increase behaviors Negative reinforcement - Negative stimulus is removed to increase behaviors Positive punishment - Aversive stimulus s is presented to decrease behaviors Negative punishment - Positive stimulus is removed to decrease behaviors Things to consider
Image of page 2
1. Is the consequence increase or decreasing the likelihood the behavior will occur again in the future? Increasing reinforcement Decrease punishment Is something being presented or taken away? Presented – positive Taken Away - negative Other terms Chaining Reinforce behavior after completing a sequence of responses Extinction Decline in behavior due to lack of reinforcement Partial reinforcement
Image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern