Chapter 8B - (Memory & Forgetting) - Thursday November 19 2009

Chapter 8B - (Memory & Forgetting) - Thursday November 19 2009

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Psychology 1000 Chapter 8 – Memory (cont’d) November 19, 2009 iStudy Deadline: Wednesday December 09 (11:30 pm) EXAM: Friday December 18, 9-11am Review Session: Wednesday December 16, 7-10pm SSC2050 Questions Q1: The primacy effect refers to the fact that when learning a new list of words, recall is better for words A: Located at the beginning of the list Q2: According to Miller’s research the capacity of the short-term working memory is___ items A: 5-9 Chapter 8 Memory Facilitating memory Factors effecting memory Self-generated cues Multiple cues Encoding specificity principle Memory is enhanced when the conditions for retrieval match those of encoding Context State
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Mood The accuracy of memory Memory is not exact Reproductive memory A high accurate, verbatim recording of an event Reconstructive memory Remembering by combining elements of Memory distortions Schema-mental representation influences what we remember What is your dating script? What happens first? And then? And then? Scripts also affect memory Script-expected procedures Leading questions effect memory Loftus and Colleagues estimated how fast the cars were going When they “hit” each other versus When they “smashed” each other estimated higher speed Did you see the broken glass? (greater number in the “smashed” group said “yes, there was broken glass” Why does this happen? Possible explanations Memory impairment
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The response bias explanation Source misattribution Misinformation acceptance Reliability of eyewitness accounts? Can you produce false memories through suggestion? Controversy: false memory syndrome “Lost in the mall” study Asked to write about 4 memories 3 real 1 false (lost in mall) “Lost again” Replicated on a group of people What memories did people remember?
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