Chapter 11 - (Development) - Thursday January 28 2010

Chapter 11 - (Development) - Thursday January 28 2010 -...

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Psych 1000: Introduction to Psychology Thursday, January 28, 2010 Practice Exam Questions Q. Which of the following is similar to both anorexia and bulimia: A) Lack of stable sense of self B) High perfectionism C) High need for control D) Self esteem highly impacted by body image E) B and D Q. According to Maslow’s humanistic theory which of the following are true: A) Love and belongingness are basic human needs B) Human behaviour is motivated ordinarily by drives and maintaining homeostasis C) Self actualization is the ultimate human goal D) Human behaviour is motivated primary by the consequences of the behaviour E) A and C Emotion Cont’d Evolutionary Theories -emotions are innate reactions with little cognitive interpretation -evolved because they facilitate survival - Universal Emotions : anger, disgust, neutral, surprise, happiness, fear and sadness, are present at birth even in infants born without vision, and they are the same across different cultures Cognitive-Affective Theories of Emotions : -string connection between thoughts and feelings Lazarus’ Cognitive-Affective Theory -all emotional responses require some appraisal -conscious or unconscious -same appraisal = same emotions Schater’s Two Factor Theory -look to external cues to decide what to feel -level of arousal = level of emotion -situation = what emotion we are experiencing Emotion & Behaviour -motivates certain behaviours -prevents other behaviours
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Case Study -“Sam” killed son while delusional -felt absolutely nothing (no love, no empathy, no remorse) -emotions contribute to a sense of conscience -both positive emotions (e.g. love) and negative emotions (e.g. guilt) can inhibit negative or violent behaviour Communication -effective communication that transcends cultural boundaries -this type of communication has survival value: -Fear: fight or flight from potentially dangerous situations -Anger: fight or self defense -Sadness: elicit helps from others -emotions if a “call to action”: e motion Happiness : -commonsense notions are incorrect: income, age, parenthood, intelligence and attractiveness are largely uncorrelated -physical health, good social relationships, religious faith and culture are modestly correlated -love, marriage, work satisfaction, personality are strongly correlated -subjective (not objective) Developmental Psychology (Chapter 11) -study of physical, cognitive & social/emotional changes throughout the lifespan -from conception to death Research Methods : - Longitudinal : same individuals are studies over long periods of time; subject attrition (people drop out of the studies), practice effects (because subjects take test multiple times) (i.e. a group of grade 1s studies over 5 years) - Cross Sectional : people of different ages are studied at the same time; cohort effects (differences due to different life experiences based on age of groups) (i.e. a group from grade 1,2,3,4 and 5)
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Chapter 11 - (Development) - Thursday January 28 2010 -...

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