Chapter 16B (Social Psychology) - February 25 2010

Chapter 16B (Social Psychology) - February 25 2010 -...

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Psychology 1000 Sec 003 Chapter 16: Social psychology February 26, 2010 Outline Attitude change -persuasion Aggression -definitions -theories of aggression -related research findings Altruism -theories of altruism Attraction and love Practice Exam Questions The findings of Sheriff’s Robber’s cave study supports which of the following theories? -realistic conflict theory According to the ___, our self-esteem is influenced by the fate of social groups we belong to and we are motivated to protect it. -social identity theory What is aggression? -any behavior that is intended to harm another person
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-3 different components of aggression -cognitive (thoughts) -emotion (feelings) -behavior (actions)-can also be verbal -aggressive acts -global (terrorism 9-11) -national (Columbine, McGill University -community (road rage, rape) -family (domestic violence) -homicide rates -Canada: 1998=558 (151 handgun related) -USA: 1995>30,004 (>21,000 handgun related), 25% of victims youth or young adults -holds when considering per capita rates -our suicide rate is 6 times the rate of the homicide rate in Canada - theories of aggression -biological factors -genetic contribution? -identical twins more similar than fraternal twins -survival function -animal breeding to create more aggressive species - specific areas in the brain? -hypothalamus-attack behaviors -amygdala-self defense, linking memories to emotion, especially fear
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-no one specific area, instead complex neural circuits -hormones? -testosterone -stronger effect in animals, but much weaker effect in humans - neurotransmitters? -low levels of serotonin associated with emotional rage -small decreases in aggression when treated with SSRI - psychological factors -psychodynamic theory (Freud) -aggression is instinctive (id) -inability of the ego to contain or redirect aggression into acceptable behavior -catharsis-performing an aggressive act will temporarily reduce impulses to aggress (pressure cooker analogy) -research findings on catharsis contrary to expectations -after physical activity easier to provoke aggression -watching aggression (vicarious release)-violent pornography led to more aggression against women -learning theory -media violence? -social learning (Bandura’s Bobo doll study)
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This note was uploaded on 12/06/2010 for the course PSYCH PSYC 1000 taught by Professor Atkinson during the Fall '10 term at UWO.

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Chapter 16B (Social Psychology) - February 25 2010 -...

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