Chapter%2013A%20-%20%28Disorders%29%20-%20Thursday%20March%2011%20%202010

Chapter%2013A%20-%20%28Disorders%29%20-%20Thursday%20March%2011%20%202010

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                                            Psychology 1000 Sec 003 Chapter 13: Psychological Disorders March 11, 2010  Outline Psychological Disorders -mood disorders --typology -anxiety disorders --phobias --panic disorder --obsessive compulsive disorder --post traumatic stress disorder -psychotic disorders -somatoform disorders --conversion disorder and hypochondriasis -dissociative disorders -personality disorders Sample Exam Question According to Freud’s theory of psychosexual development, during which stage did the 
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“Oedipal complex” occur? -phallic According to Eysenck, individuals who are _________ tend to have a nervous system  that is chronically over-aroused? -introverted What is abnormal behaviour? -all behaviour is on a continuum -conceptual definitions -statistical deviation-abnormal=infrequent (think about the normal curve) -problem-not all things that are infrequent are abnormal in a negative way  (e.g., geniuses) -deviations from ideal mental health -problem-what is ideal mental health? This is very subjective -cultural norms -practical definitions of abnormality -the 3 D’s: distressing, deviance, dysfunction -diagnosing psychological disorders -multi-axial approach—allows us to look at an individual more holistically I. clinical disorders
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II. personality disorders III. general medical conditions IV. psychosocial and environmental problems V. level of current functioning -diagnosis of a disorder requires -sufficient symptoms -cause distress -causes impairment in functioning -diagnosis can only be done by psychiatrists, physicians, and registered clinical  psychologists -psychology student’s syndrome -many psych students find that the various disorders apply to them -abnormal behaviour is not qualitatively different from “normal” behaviour—it is a  matter of degree -many of us will exhibit similar symptoms -behaviours are only problematic when they harm or interfere with functioning -diagnosing friends and romantic partners may lead to conflict!! Mood Disorders -characterized by emotional disturbances that disrupt physical, perceptual, social, and  thought processes
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-major depressive disorder (depression) -dysthymic disorder -mania -bipolar disorder -cyclothymia -prevalence of mood disorders -depression is quite common; 20%; twice as common in females than males -bipolar disorder less common; more common in males than females -depression -prevalence: 1 in 5 adults will experience depression in their lifetime severe  enough to warrant treatment -emotional symptoms -depressed or dysphoric mood -anhedonia (loss of pleasure) -at least one needs to be present for a two week period -physical symptoms -somatic complaints -motor retardation -sleep disturbances -weight loss or gain
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